Health & Fitness II

Learn how to carry out effective fitness testing techniques for your clients and customers to create safe and beneficial fitness programs.

Course CodeBRE201
Fee CodeS2
Duration (approx)100 hours
QualificationStatement of Attainment

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Learn how to:

  • undertake fitness testing

  • manage fitness testing services

  • develop exercise programs

  • lead a fitness program

  • explain how cardiovascular responses vary

  • develop guidelines for weight training

And much more.

Prerequisite: Health and Fitness I or a recognised fitness leaders certificate (or equivalent).

This course was recently revised by an experienced and qualified industry professionals with specialist knowledge.

When individuals who have previously led sedentary or inactive lives assume a more active life, or take part in a regular exercise program, they become aware of their limited tolerance for physical work and the discomfort which it provokes. However, in a matter of only a week or two of regular exercise they experience an improvement in their physical capacity and commonly experience an improved sense of wellbeing. Harder physical work can be tolerated for longer without fatigue and daily physical tasks are accomplished more easily.  Likewise, the range of physical activities in which they can safely and comfortably participate is expanded. Many recognise these changes as contributing significantly to the quality of their lives. As well as these benefits which can be explained by physiological changes and the satisfaction which often follows immediately after exercise, there may be long- term psychological benefits.

The psychological benefits which have been observed in controlled studies include increases in extroversion, self-confidence, self-awareness and improvements in recall in the elderly. Provided exercise levels are increased gradually, harmful effects are extremely unlikely.

Lesson Structure

There are 8 lessons in this course:

  1. Fitness and Wellbeing
    • Defining terminology
    • What is wellneing
    • Emotional or mental health
    • Structural health
    • Chemical health
    • Natural body cycles
    • Why exercise
    • Enhancing normal health with exercise
    • Food combining
    • Exercise at different stages of life
    • Stabilizing metabolism during middle age
    • Exercise for disease prevention
    • Old age
    • Understanding and managing stress
  2. Fitness Physiology and Anatomy
    • Anaerobic energy supply
    • Lactic acid energy
    • Aerobic energy supply
    • Energy needed for different types of activity
    • Muscles: how muscles move, types of muscle
    • What muscle causes what movement
    • Problems during exercise: fatigue,
  3. Management of Fitness Testing Services
    • Reasons for fitness testing
    • Safety
    • First aid
    • Legal liability
    • Negligence
    • Providing protection
  4. Designing Fitness Tests
    • What should be tested
    • Sequence of testing
    • Body weight, Water, Fat testing
    • Cario respiratory endurance
    • Muscle strength and endurance
    • Criteria for designing fitness tests
    • Procedure for constructing a new fitness test series
  5. Resistance Training
    • Principles of resistance training
    • Principles of exercise
    • Overload principle
    • Specificity
    • Types of resistance training
  6. Developing an Exercise Programme
    • Features of an exercise program
    • Typical design process
    • Types of exercise
    • Developing physique
    • Cardiorespiratory endurance
    • Structure of an aerobic training session
  7. Managing an Exercise Programme
    • Training response
    • Exercises for specific problems: back, shoulders, trunk, arms,legs
    • Weight control
    • Energy expenditure
  8. Leading a Fitness Programme
    • Leadership concepts
    • Leadership responsibilities
    • Shared leadership
    • Leadership communication

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.


  • Explain the relationship between fitness and wellbeing.
  • Determine a persons level of health and fitness according to physiological data.
  • Manage fitness testing services to a standard practiced in gymnasiums and health clubs.
  • Design Fitness Tests to a standard practiced in gymnasiums and health clubs.
  • Explain the management of resistance training, including equipment and exercise programs.
    • Develop an exercise program.
  • Manage exercise programs, including monitoring and recommendations.
  • Effectively lead a fitness program, to any number of people, including large groups or on an individual basis.

What You Will Do

  • Explain symptoms of common problems that may occur during exercise,including: dizziness, hyperventilation, nausea or asthma and describe procedures to follow in response to problems occurring during exercise
  • List physiological characteristics which can be used to indicate a persons health and fitness level.
  • Compare anaerobic with aerobic energy systems.
  • Explain how cardiovascular responses may vary, according to varying intensities of specific type of exercise.
  • Explain the physiology of muscular fatigue related to varying levels of exercise.
    • Explain factors related to hypertrophy/atrophy of muscle tissue, in a specific situation.
  • Differentiate between a fitness assessment undertaken by a fitness leader and a comprehensive assessment of health carried out by a health practitioner.
  • Explain the purpose, including limitations, of fitness testing in a summary.
  • Explain procedures to manage legal liability when conducting fitness tests in your locality.
  • Analyse the results of fitness tests conducted.
  • Explain the proper use of five different resistance training machines; in accordance with manufacturers instructions and identify hazards associated with use of different items of resistance training equipment.
  • Develop guidelines for the care of weight training equipment.
  • Compare the use of a specified weight machine by three different people in an analytical report.
  • Prepare using illustrations, and step by step instructions, a modified exercise program.
    • Explain the exercise program you developed.
  • Explain different motivational techniques and counselling techniques which are appropriate to use during, fitness instruction.
  • Explain an appropriate style of leadership to use during fitness instruction in a specified situation which you are familiar with.
  • Explain the use of teaching principles to explaining a specific exercise technique.
  • Explain differences in approach to leading different numbers of people in a fitness session and demonstrate leading a fitness session with a group of four or more participants

Are You Fittest When you are Young?

Some people are; some are not!

Fitness can be calculated and determined at any point in a person’s life. Generally we assume younger people are fitter than older people, however, it should be documented this is not always true. Once a fitness test has been carried out, people are often motivated to improve their fitness level.

In order to understand how someone can improve their overall fitness, it is important to know the body’s physiological mechanisms which take place during exercise – that is the biology of the human body during exercise under different conditions. Conditions being, when oxygen is plentiful and muscle cells can produce the energy they need in an aerobic environment, or alternatively, when there is not enough oxygen being supplied from the blood to functioning muscles and therefore the cells are forced to produce energy in anaerobic conditions – a less efficient way to produce energy, with a considerably lower energy yield.

Like any machine, your body needs energy to power it. Energy is essential for the biological processes of living, and this course will examine energy processes within the body. Energy is derived from food sources – carbohydrates, fats and proteins. These are broken down by reactions to create energy. There is not just one way for your body to produce energy. Here, we will look at the two energy supplies, anaerobic and aerobic. In it’s simplest description, anaerobic means without oxygen, and aerobic means with oxygen. There are two types of anaerobic energy systems, the ATP-PC system, and the lactic acid, or anaerobic glycolysis system.

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