Engineering II - Engineering Applications

Study engineering applications online. Learn surveying, drainage, earth moving, environmental control in greenhouses, applications in agriculture and horticulture.

Course CodeBSC205
Fee CodeS2
Duration (approx)100 hours
QualificationStatement of Attainment

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Engineering can be defined as the application of pure sciences such as physics, mathematics and chemistry, to providing practical solutions for work that needs to be undertaken by man.
This generally involves development of structures, machines, apparatus, or manufacturing processes, or works.

  • Advance your knowledge in Engineering in a broad sense

  • Explore possibilities for applying science to create practical solutions in the real world

  • Consider appropriate and innovative engineering solutions to improve efficiency and productivity in agriculture and horticulture.

Lesson Structure

There are 9 lessons in this course:

  1. Surveying
    • Linear surveying
    • Triangulation
    • Determining slope
    • Triangulation
    • Contouring
    • Traversing
    • Levelling terms
    • Grid systems -datum line, reduced level, backsight, change point, etc.
    • Types of Level -dumpy, quickset, cowley
    • Reading the levelling staff
    • Levelling procedure
    • Levelling a sloping site
    • Set task/practical
    • Assignment
  2. Earthworks
    • Construction machinery and equipment
    • Bobcats
    • Front end loader
    • Tractor
    • Backhoe
    • Bulldozer
    • Explosives
    • Shovel, Pick
    • Cut and fill method
    • Excavation
    • Contouring and levelling
    • Swales
    • Types of Cultivator -Chisel ploughs, discs and harrows, tined cultivators, rotary hoes, etc.
    • Calculating earth to move
    • Prismordial rule
    • Moving existing earth
    • Importing soil
    • Shaping and settling soil
    • Case Study -Constructing a playing field
    • Managing Soil degradation -erosion, compaction, salinity, etc
    • Set task/practical
    • Assignment
  3. Water management
    • Irrigation systems
    • Sub-surface
    • Surface
    • Sprinkler
    • Trickle irrigation
    • Irrigation equipment
    • Watering cans
    • Sprinklers
    • Capillaqry watering
    • Automated systems
    • Water -sources, quality, treatment
    • Pumps -piston, centrifugal, rotary
    • Filters
    • Irrigation scheduling
    • Pulse watering
    • Set task
    • Assignment
  4. Environmental control
    • Atmosphere control
    • Carbon dioxide effects
    • Greenhouse considerations
    • Covering materials
    • Temperature control
    • Benching
    • Shadehouses
    • Outdoor heating
    • Set task
    • Assignment
  5. Chemical Applications
    • Applying pesticides
    • Parts of a basic sprayer
    • Calibration
    • Calibrating a knapsack sprayer
    • Mixing chemicals
    • Sprayer maintenance
    • Safe chemical use
    • Chemical labelling
    • Material Safety Data Sheet
    • Safe chemical storage
    • Environmental contamination
    • Protecting outdoor structures from chemical contamination
    • Paints, Stains and Sealers
    • Painting outdoor furniture and structures
    • Set task
    • Assignment
  6. Fencing
    • Fencing materials - wire mesh, barbed wire, wire strand, posts, strainer assemblies etc
    • Traditional wire fencing
    • Semi-suspension fencing
    • Suspension fencing
    • Electric fencing
    • Bpx end assembly
    • Post and stay assembly
    • Barriers and walls
    • Types of timber fence -panels, slats, pickets, hurdles
    • Fencing houses and pools
    • Gateways and gates
    • Rock and rubble walls
    • Brick walls
    • Concrete walls
    • Free standing walls
    • Retaining walls
    • Trellises
    • Wood engineering -softwoods, hardwoods
    • Preservatives
    • Hedges
    • Set task
    • Assignment
  7. Mechanisation
    • Vehicles
    • Tractors
    • The clutch
    • The transmission
    • Harvesters
    • Mowers -rotary, cylinder, flail, ride on
    • Hedge trimmers - shears, blade, saw, flail.
    • Trimmer maintenance
    • Chain saw use
    • Chain saw characteristics - petrol, electric, bar size, etc
    • Chain saw maintenance; extending chain life
    • Safety with chain saws
    • Mulching machines
    • Cultivators
    • Milking machines
    • Soil mixing machines
    • Potting machines
    • Planters, seeders, drills
    • Harvesters -potato, carror
    • Grading machines
    • Set task
    • Assignment
  8. Engineering efficiency
    • Overview
    • Costs
    • Quality of product
    • Replaqcement parts and servicing
    • Set task
    • Assignment
  9. Developing engineering solutions
    • Introduction
    • Handling equipment
    • Trays boxes, Pellets
    • Trolleys and barrows
    • Trailers
    • Fork lifts
    • Tractor loaders
    • Continuous conveying systems -conveyor belts, mono rails, etc
    • Hoppers
    • Staff comfort and safety
    • Set task
    • Assignment

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.


  • Explain surveying, including basic principles and techniques, appropriate for horticulture and agriculture
  • Determine earthworks required for an agricultural or horticultural site
  • Determine appropriate water management for an horticultural/agricultural site.
  • Determine technological solutions for environmental control problems, in rural or horticultural situations.
  • Explain the operation of equipment commonly used to apply pesticides and other chemicals in both horticultural and agricultural workplaces.
  • Determine appropriate fencing to use for different purposes; including security and restricting the movement of animals, pests or traffic, in agricultural and horticultural situations.
  • Explain the operation of machinery commonly used to mechanise manual tasks
    • carried out in horticultural and agricultural workplaces.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of engineering applications in agricultural and horticultural workplaces.
  • Determine procedures for improving work tasks in agricultural and horticultural situations.

Engineering Solutions Underpin Human Development

Learning pure sciences such as maths, physics and chemistry, allows us to understand the world around us.

Exploring how to apply those pure sciences, has allowed man to build bigger and better buildings, roads, machines, irrigation systems and much more.

The application of science enables us to determine the slope of land, and use machines to change slopes, so that land can be better used. It allows us to move liquids and solids in ways, and on a scale, that would otherwise be impossible; and it allows us to predict the stability or instability of things we build.



Opportunities after this Course

The more that you study engineering and explore engineering solutions; the greater your ability will be, to conceive new solutions to new problems that arise.
When you see how to apply machines or tools in several different contexts; your mind becomes enhanced in it's ability to see more possibilities.

This course will make you a better informed and more capable person when it comes to finding engineering solutions; not only for the specific situations you encounter in this course; but beyond that.

When you add life and work experience to what you learn here, your abilities will continue to grow. You career and business opportunities will be enhanced, and your potential to meet new challenges will continue to grow.

Further Study, beyond this course.
If you wish to enhance your understanding of engineering further; consider our course on Physics, in particular; and perhaps after that other courses in machinery and equipment, irrigation and landscaping. 

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John Mason

Writer, Manager, Teacher and Businessman with over 40 years interenational experience covering Education, Publishing, Leisure Management, Education, and Horticulture. He has extensive experience both as a public servant, and as a small business owner. J
Jacinda Cole

Former operations manager for highly reputable Landscape firm, The Chelsea Gardener, before starting his own firm. Gavin has over 20 years of industry experience in Psychology, Landscaping, Publishing, Writing and Education. Gavin has a B.Sc., Psych.Cert.
Bob James

Horticulturalist, Agriculturalist, Environmental consultant, Businessman and Professional Writer. Over 40 years in industry, Bob has held a wide variety of senior positions in both government and private enterprise. Bob has a Dip. Animal Husb, B.App.Sc.,
Josiane Joubran

CSC consultant with IBM, Software QA Engineer, Course Writer and Tutor. Josiane is an I.T professional with extensive experience with computer hardware and engineering in Lebanon and Australia. Josiane has a B.Eng., Grad.Dip.I.T., Master Info.Tech., MCP,