Educational Psychology

Understand how students process and absorb information through studying this course in educational psychology. Find out about age-appropriate learning methods, how to improve memory and the importance of motivation in the classroom.

Course Code: BPS105
Fee Code: S2
Duration (approx) Duration (approx) 100 hours
Qualification Statement of Attainment
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AGE-APPROPRIATE LEARNING

Educational psychology is concerned with understanding how humans develop in terms of language, memory and learning processes and how to apply that knowledge to learning environments. Children at different stages of development respond better to different educational approaches. Some approaches are best suited to groups and others to individuals. Study this course to find out about different approaches to teaching and learning and their benefits or disadvantages in different situations.       

Understand how people develop is the first step to
helping anyone learn.

This course will help you to understand how and why people learn, and how to apply that understanding to bring about changes in people of all ages. This course will benefit a wide range of people, but especially those wishing to adopt the principles of educational psychology in an educational setting:

  • Teachers in a classroom
  • Supervisors in a workplace
  • Instructors in a gymnasium
  • Life coaches, business coaches, sports coaches, consultants or anyone else.

Learn the knowledge, wisdom and everyday theory that every teacher requires, to resolve the dilemmas that occur teaching on a daily basis.

 

Although there are no hard and fast rules to becoming a good teacher, good teaching practice can be learned. Teachers need to engage in critical thinking if they are to keep abreast of teaching. That is they need to be systematically identifying problems, exploring the evidence, and finding the answer. In addition, those teachers who are constantly checking their teaching practices and attending seminars on the latest principles will make more effective teachers.

Whatever your reason for studying educational psychology, it is necessary to understand the basic principles which underlie the theories involved. Wherever possible when studying psychology, it is a good idea to quote names and dates of research, as all theories need to be supported by scientific evidence.

A lot of contemporary research has built on theories developed many years ago.

Comment from one of our Educational Psychology students:

  " I found the course interesting, challenging, and rewarding"       J. Beer

Lesson Structure

There are 7 lessons in this course:

  1. Introduction -Development & Learning Theory
    • Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development
    • Schemes
    • Assimilation and Accommodation
    • Equilibration
    • Piaget’s Stages of Development.
  2. Behavioural Learning
    • The Evolution of Behavioural Theories of Learning
    • Thorndike’s Theory of the Law of Effect
    • Skinner’s Theory of Operant Conditioning
    • Principles of Behavioural Learning; Reinforcers
    • Positive and Negative Reinforcement
    • The Premack Principle
  3. Information Processing
    • Information Processing Theory
    • A Model of Information Processing
    • Perception
    • Gestalt Psychology
    • Attention
    • Short-Term Memory
    • Long-Term Memory
    • Division of Long-Term Memory
  4. Memory Retention & Loss
    • Remembering and Forgetting
    • Interference
    • Inhibition and Facilitation
    • Primacy and Recency
    • Learning Strategies
  5. Individual Needs
    • Effective Instruction
    • The QAIT Model
    • Quality of Instruction
    • Appropriate Levels of Instruction
    • Incentive;Time
    • Between-Class Ability Grouping
    • Within Class Ability Grouping
    • Effective Use of Ability Groups
    • Mastery Learning
    • Outcomes-Based Education
    • Individualised Instruction
  6. Constructivist Learning
    • What is the Constructivist View
    • Top Down or Bottom Up Processing
    • Generative Learning
    • Discovery Learning
    • Reception Learning
    • Activating Prior Knowledge
  7. Motivation
    • Intrinsic Motivation
    • Extrinsic Motivation
    • Factors Affecting Motivation
    • Motivational Theories
    • Behavioural Learning Theory
    • Human Needs Theory; Dissonance Theory
    • Cognitive Dissonance Theory
    • Personality Theory
    • Attribution Theory Expectancy Theory;
    • Improving Motivation
    • Nurturing Interest/Curiosity
    • Providing Incentive to Learn

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

Aims

  • Discuss theories of development and learning.
  • Explain behavioural theories of learning
  • Describe how Information Processing Model Works
  • Describe processes involved in memory loss and retention
  • Describe different methods of effective instruction to cater for individual needs.
  • Explain the relevance of constructivist learning in education
  • Differentiate definitions of motivation and the application of motivation to learning

HOW WELL ARE YOU LEARNING?


   - Long term learning is valuable and effective!

   - Short term learning is of questionable value.


Long term learning involves repetition, reinforcement and revisiting what you are learning in different contexts at different times. Each new encounter with the facts will strengthen your memory and broaden your capacity to apply those facts.

When education is fast tracked; it may be possible to pass exams; but there is usually at a massive trade off. For any learning to be sustained; it needs to be reinforced over a period of time. Through repetition; what you learn gets remembered both consciously and subconsciously; and the learning can be drawn on to be used again and again years afterwards.

Memorizing something so that it can be regurgitated in an exam, can help you pass an exam; but you may not understand the subject in depth; and what you learn may be lost soon afterwards.  This type of learning is called "rote" and is defined as follows. 

 

  • DON'T CHOOSE SHORT TERM LEARNING! Education is not just about temporarily absorbing facts then regurgitating them during an exam, only to forget them months later. It is about changing the way you think. ACS is NOT assessment based. Our courses are structured to teach you how to improve your thought processes, which you will apply over a lifetime, not just a semester.

  • With ACS, you are taught by people who are active in industry. If you want to learn Psychology, learn from someone who has sat in the Therapist's chair. If you want to learn writing, learn from a widely published author. To learn about learning; you can't do better than learning from an effective teacher. We have been both teaching educational psychology and applying it to our courses for decades.

  • Our courses are purposefully flexible, designed to incorporate a student's own experience. They are personalised, and that helps the learning to remain with the student long after the award has been received. eg. Agriculture students report on their findings at a farm; psychology students work through long misunderstood emotional situations in their lives. This is how a student actually EXPERIENCES the learning.

A Perspective on Social Cognition

Educational psychology is a relatively new discipline; but through the research and observations of many prominent psychologists over the last century our understanding of how people learn has expanded greatly; and it continues to expand.
This is an exciting area of study; and one where there is still a lot to be explored and discovered.

One of the early educational psychologists was Lev Vygotsky was born in the Russia in 1896. He was responsible for the social development theory of learning. He proposed that social interaction influences our cognitive development. Central to his theory is the belief that biological and cultural development does not occur in isolation. Vygotsky approached development differently to Piaget. Piaget developed that development had four main periods of cognitive growth – sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operations and formal operations. Piaget’s theory suggested that development had an end point, whereas Vygotsky believed that development is a process that is to be analyzed rather than a product to be obtained. He argued that the process begins at birth and continues until death, so it is too complex to be defined in stages.

Vygotsky argued that the development process is life long and is dependent on social interaction and social learning that leads to cognitive development. Vygotsky calls this the zone of proximal development. This is the distance between the actual development level shown by independent problem solving and the level of potential development shown by problem solving with adult guidance or with help from peers - so if a child can perform a task with help from an adult or peer that they could not achieve on their own. The zone of proximal development bridges the gap between what IS known and what CAN be known. Vygotsky argued that learning occurs in this zone.


Where Might This Course Lead?

Lots of people know things that other people would love to learn. Musicians know how to make music, many people can speak a second language, and others are skilled at a trade. Most people can read and write, some better than others. We all have our strengths and weaknesses.

For those who understand how people learn; and couple that with knowledge or skill they already possess, there is an opportunity to teach. Graduates may use this course as a first step toward becoming a professional teacher, trainer or lecturer; but for others this may be a way to start something new or enhance something you are already doing in your life, for example, as a:

  • Music teacher
  • Life coach
  • Language teacher
  • Adult education teacher
  • Youth leader
  • Workplace trainer
  • Teacher's aide in a school
  • Rehabilitation worker
  • Tour guide
  • Product demonstrator or marketing officer

The course is also appropriate in other roles that require an understanding of how to learn.

ACS is an Organisational Member of the Association for Coaching (UK).

ACS is a Member of the Complementary Medicine Association.

Member of Study Gold Coast Education Network.

ACS Global Partner - Affiliated with colleges in seven countries around the world.

Since 1999 ACS has been a recognised member of IARC (International Approval and Registration Centre). A non-profit quality management organisation servicing education.

Principal John Mason is a member of the ANZMH. ACS Students are invited to join


How can I start this course?

You can enrol at anytime and start the course when you are ready. Enrolments are accepted all year - students can commence study at any time. All study is self paced and ACS does not set assignment deadlines.

Please note that if a student is being assisted by someone else (e.g. an employer or government subsidy), the body offering the assistance may set deadlines. Students in such situations are advised to check with their sponsor prior to enrolling. The nominal duration of a course is approximately how long a course takes to complete. A course with a nominal duration of 100 hours is expected to take roughly 100 hours of study time to complete. However, this will vary from student to student. Short courses (eg. 100 hrs duration) should be completed within 12 months of enrolment. Certificates, Advanced Certificates and Awards (eg. over 500 hours duration) would normally be completed within 3 -5 years of enrolment. Additional fees may apply if a student requires an extended period to complete.
If a student cannot submit their assignments for 6 months to ACS, they should advise the school to avoid cancellation of their student
registration. Recommencement fees may apply.

Simply click on the ENROL OPTIONS button at the top of this screen and follow the prompts.

You can see the course price at the top of this page. Click 'enrolment options' to see any payment options available.

You can pay by Credit Card, PayPal, Afterpay or bank transfer.

Yes! We have payment plans for most courses. Click 'enrolment options' to see the available payment plans.
We also have Afterpay that will allow you to pay for your course or payment plans in four instalments (if you are in Australia).


What do I need to know before I enrol?

There are no entry requirements that you need to meet to enrol in our courses, our courses are for everyone.
If you are under 18, we need written permission from your parent/ guardian for your enrolment to continue, we can arrange that after you have enrolled.

You don’t need to purchase any additional resources to complete our courses.

We aim to teach you the essentials without you having to purchase any specific computer program.
We recommend that you have access to a word processing program, such as Microsoft Word or Google Docs, so that you can easily complete and submit your assignments.

You sure can. We are here to help you learn whatever your abilities.

Yes, if you are enrolling in a Certificate or Advanced Certificate, you might be eligible for credits if you have evidence of your previous studies or relevant experience. More information is here.

We recommend that you are able to browse websites, send emails and conduct online research. You will need to be able to type and submit your assignments.
If you have limited computer skills, we can make special arrangements for you.

This is possible, it depends on the institution. We recommend that if you would like to use our courses that you contact the institution first. Our Course Handbook is a good resource for this.

Our courses are written in English and we only have English speaking academic staff. If you can read and complete your assignments in English, our courses are ideal for you.

Our courses are designed to build knowledge, hands on skills and industry connections to help prepare you to work in the area, running your own business, professional development or as a base for further study.

This course has been designed to cover the fundamentals of the topic. It will take around 100 hours to complete, which includes your course reading, assignment work, research, practical tasks, watching videos and anything else that is contained in the course. Our short courses are a great way to do some professional development or to learn a new skill.

It’s up to you. The study hours listed in the course are a rough guide, however if you were to study a short course (100 hours) at 10 hours per week, you could finish the course in 10 weeks (just an example). Our courses are self-paced, so you can work through the courses in your own time. We recommend that you wait for your tutor to mark and return your assignment before your start your next one, so you get the benefits of their feedback.

The course consists of course notes, videos, set tasks for your practical work, online quizzes, an assignment for each lesson (that you receive feedback from your tutor from) and ends in an exam (which is optional, if would like to receive the formal award at the end), using our custom built Learning Management System - Login.Training.

Our courses are designed for adults to gain professional development and skills to further their careers and start businesses.

Our custom online learning portal allows you to conduct your learning online. There may be practical tasks that you can do offline. You have the option of downloading your course notes or print them to read later.

There is also the option to pay an additional fee for printed course notes and or USB (availability limited to location and deliverability).

Yes, if you don’t have access to the internet, you can receive the course as paper notes or on a USB stick for an additional fee. We can also make alternative arrangements for you to send your assignments to us.

We offer printed notes for an additional fee. Also, you can request your course notes on a USB stick for an additional fee.

Yes, your tutor is here to help you. Simply post any questions you have in your login.training portal or contact the office and we can pass on a message to your tutor.

We are more learning focussed, rather than assessment focussed. You have online quizzes to test your learning, written assignments and can complete an exam at the end of the course (if you want to receive your certificate). You will not receive a pass/ fail on your course work. If you need to add more details on your assignment, we will ask you to resubmit and direct you where you need to focus. If you need help, you can ask your tutor for advice in the student room.

Each module (short course) is completed with one exam.

Exams are optional, however you must sit an exam if you would like to receive a formal award. You will need to find someone who can supervise that you are sitting the exams under exams conditions. There is an additional cost of $55 (AUS) $50 (O/S) for each exam.
More information is here

There are practical components built into the course that have been designed to be achieved by anyone, anywhere. If you are unable to complete a task for any reason, you can ask your tutor for an alternative.

When you complete the course work and the exam and you will be able receive your course certificate- a Statement of Attainment. Otherwise, you can receive a Letter of Completion.

You can bundle the short courses to create your own customised learning bundle, Certificates or Advanced Certificates. More information is on this page.

Yes, our courses are built to be applicable for people living anywhere in any situation. We provide the fundamentals, and each student can apply their own unique flair for their own interests, region and circumstances with the one-on-one guidance of a tutor. There is also a bit of student directed research involved.

Employers value candidates with industry skills, knowledge, practical skills and formal learning. Our courses arm you with all of these things to help prepare you for a job or start your own business. The longer you study the more you will learn.

ACS has an arrangement with OAMPS (formerly AMP) who can arrange Professional Indemnity from Australian and New Zealand graduates across all disciplines. Ph: 1800 222 012 or email acs@oamps.com.au.


Who are ACS Distance Education?

ACS Distance Education have been educating people for over 40 years.

We are established and safe- we have been in education for over 40 years.
We are focused on developing innovative courses that are relevant to you now and what you will need to know in the future.
We are focused on helping you learn and make the most of your experience.
You can enrol at any time, you can work on your course when it suits you and at your own pace.
We are connected to many industry bodies and our staff participate in continuous improvement and learning activities to ensure that we are ahead of what learning is needed for the future.

Our courses are not accredited by the Australian Government. However many of our courses are recognised and held in high regard by many industry bodies.

Our courses are written by our staff, who all have many years experience and have qualifications in their speciality area. We have lots of academic staff who write and update our courses regularly.


How do I enrol my staff/ sponsored students?

Yes, you can do a request for a bulk enrolment and request an invoice on our Invoice Request Form

We can prepare an invoice, quote or proforma invoice. Simply complete your details on our Invoice Request form

We can arrange bulk discounts for your course enrolment, please get in touch with us to discuss your needs.

Yes, we have many students who are in locked facilities, such as prisons or hospitals. We can cater by also offering paper notes at an additional cost.


What if I have any more questions or need more information?

We can assist you to find the right course for your needs. Get in touch with us via email (admin@acs.edu.au) call on +61 7 5562 1088 or complete our course advice form.


What if I change my mind?

Please get in touch with studentservices@acs.edu.au if you would like to be removed from our mail list.

If you would like ACS Distance Education to delete your information at any time (whether you are a customer or a prospective customer), please contact our privacy officer and we will process this ( admin@acs.edu.au ).




Course Contributors

The following academics were involved in the development and/or updating of this course.





Tutors

Meet some of the tutors that guide the students through this course.

Melissa Leistra

Bachelor Education, Masters Human Nutrition

Melissa has a Masters Degree in Human Nutrition from Deakin University and Bachelor's degree specialising in personal development, health and physical education. She has enjoyed teaching Hospitality in the areas of commercial cookery and food and beverage. Her experience includes 16 years teaching health and nutrition and working in the hospitality industry. Melissa enjoys living a self-sustainable lifestyle on a farm and raising all types of animals. She is an experienced vegetarian/vegan cook and loves to create wholesome food using her slow combustion wood stove.

Sarah Pirecki

BAnVetBioSc., Dip. ProjMgt (TBC).

A passionate advocate for animal health and welfare. Sarah completed a Bachelor of Animal and Veterinary Bioscience majoring in Animal Health and Disease and is currently completing a Diploma of Project Management. She has a wide range of experience working in agricultural settings, veterinary nursing, assistance dog raising, and animal education.

Nicola Stewart

BA(Hons); Dip.Pub; CIM Dip.Marketing; PGCE; Dip.Holistic Aromatherapy; Dip.Reflexology; Dip.Orton-Gillingham Multisensory Language Education; Masters in Education & Professional Studies/Research, PhD (underway)

Nicola worked in publishing before changing direction to teach Anatomy, Physiology and various complementary therapies in the UK’s post-compulsory sector for 16 years. She is the published author of 10 books, plus a range of magazine articles and has also ghost-written across a number of genres. When she is not working for ACS, she provides specialist literacy tuition for children with dyslexia.

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