Breeding Horses

Study horse breeding online. Learn how horses breed and how to minimise risks to mare and foal during pregnancy and birth.

Course Code: BAG307
Fee Code: S2
Duration (approx) Duration (approx) 100 hours
Qualification Statement of Attainment
Get started!
Learn how horses can be bred.
A knowledge of horse breeding helps you to:
  • Reduce health risks to the mare and foal
  • Have some control over the characteristics of foals being produced.
  • Understand each stage of the pregnancy, birth and after care of the foal.
Horse breeding is an important sector within the equine industry; and a knowledge of breeding horses is of great value to anyone who works with horses; not only breeders.
 
Professional Development Course for anyone Working with Horses

Lesson Structure

There are 8 lessons in this course:

  1. Why breed horses?
    • An understanding of heritability is fundamental
    • Meiosis
    • The Work of Gregor Mendel
    • Chromsomes and Genetics in Breeding
    • Selecting the mare and the stallion
    • Quantitative and Qualitative Inheritance
    • Inbreeding and Linebreeding
    • The Genetic Effect of Inbreeding
    • Line Breeding
    • Advantages of Inbreeding
    • Stallion and Mare Complementation
    • The Industry
  2. Mare Anatomy
    • The Reproductive Cycle of the Mare
    • Hormonal Control
    • Abnormal Oestrus
    • Breeding Fitness
    • General Broodmare Care
    • Nutrition and Feeding
    • Rations
    • Carbohydrates
    • Fat
    • Protein
    • Vitamins
    • Roughage
    • Hay
    • Pre-Season Care
  3. Stallion Anatomy
    • Sperm Production
    • Semen Release
    • Reproductive Cycle of the Stallion
    • Breeding Fitness
    • General Stallion Care
    • Handling
    • Pre-Season Care
    • Stallion Management for Reproduction
    • Training the young stallion
    • Steps in training a novice stallion onto the phantom
    • Common clinical problems with stallions
    • Castration (Gelding)
  4. Managing the Arrival and Departure of the horse at the stud
    • Semen from the stallion
    • Collection and Processing
    • Evaluating the Quality of Sperm
    • Breeding methods
    • Natural Breeding
    • Live cover – In-hand or Pasture
    • Artificial insemination
    • Handling Frozen Semen
    • Embryo transfer
    • When to breed
    • Detection of Oestrus
    • Teasers
    • Visual Signs
    • A plan for when things go wrong
    • Sexually Transmitted Infections
  5. Pre-natal growth
    • Conception of twins
    • Gestation and Methods and Detecting Pregnancy
    • Methods of Diagnosis
    • Palpation
    • Pregnancy Tests
    • Ultrasound
    • Post-Natal Growth
  6. Care of the Pregnant Mare
    • Nutritional Requirements
    • Caslicked Mares
    • Preparation for foaling
    • Exercise Needs
    • Worming
    • A deworming program for mares
    • Preparation of the foaling environment
    • Preparation for if things go wrong
    • The Physical Environment - Bedding
    • Common Bedding in the Foaling Environment
    • Straw
    • Wood Shavings
    • Wood Pellets
    • Rubber Matting
    • The Parturition Process
    • Stages of Labour
    • Common Foaling Problems
    • Dystokia
    • Abnormal Presentations
    • Health Problems of the post-partum mare
    • Retained placenta
    • Haemorrhage
    • Post-Partum Metritis
    • Rejection of the Foal
    • Prolapsed Uterus
    • Lactation (Udder edema)
    • Lactation (reduced milk supply)
    • Foal and foaling reports
    • Example Foaling Record
    • Example Foal Report
  7. General newborn care
    • Stabling and safe environment for newborn foals
    • Lactation and suckling
    • Premature Foals
    • Orphan foals
    • Common health problems in newborn foals
    • Infections, Constipation and Diarrhoea
    • Septicaemia
    • Meconium Impaction
    • Diarrhoea
    • Congenital disorders
    • Neonatal Isoerythrolysis (NI)
    • Angular Limb Deformities
    • Flexor and Extensor Tendon Abnormalities
    • Delayed Ossification of the Cuboidal Bones
    • Heart Murmurs
    • Congenital Papilloma (Warts)
    • Entropion
    • Neurological disorders
    • Neonatal Maladjustment Syndrome (NMS)
    • Head Tilt
    • Structural abnormalities
    • Uroperitoneum
    • Umbilical Hernias
    • Training a foal in the earliest stages
  8. Introduction to Fertility
    • Understanding Fertility in Mares
    • Understanding Fertility in Stallions
    • Handling and Management in Stallions
    • Age
    • Overuse
    • Nutrition
    • Illness and Injury
    • Other Abnormalities
    • Semen problems
    • Haemospermia
    • Urospermia
    • Oligospermia
    • Structural disorders of the reproductive tract (mares)
    • Pneumovagina
    • 'Maiden Cervix' or Cervical Incompetence
    • Vesicovaginal Reflux or Urine Pooling
    • Structural disroders of the reproductive tract (stallions)
    • Cryptorchidism
    • Testicle Conformation
    • Testicular Torsion
    • Testicular Tumours
    • Scrotal Hernia
    • Venereal diseases (mares)
    • Endometritis
    • Bacterial Endometritis
    • Fungal Endometritis
    • Mating Induced Endometritis
    • Contagious Equine Metritis (CEM)
    • Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA)
    • Pyometra
    • Abnormal Oestrus Cycles
    • Silent Heat and Post-Partum Anoestrus
    • Persistant Oestrus
    • Vernal Transition
    • Ovarian Tumours
    • Persistant Corpus Luteum
    • Haemorrhagic Follicles
    • Abortion
    • Venereal diseases (stallions)
    • Bacterial Infections
    • Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA)
    • Equine Coital Exanthema
    • Dourine
    • Contagious Equine Metritis (CEM)
    • Infectious causes of abortion (mares)
    • Viral Abortion
    • Bacterial Abortion
    • Leptospirosis
    • Non-infectious causes of abortion (mares)
    • Congenital Defects
    • Twinning
    • Umbilical Cord Torsion
    • Progesterone Deficiency

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.


Why do we breed horses?

 
There are many different reasons to breed horses, ranging from increasing the number of animals to improving qualities of the animals we have.
Desirable qualities in an animal can be varied; from the horses vigour and strength, to conformation and temperament.
 

Do you Understand Good Conformation?

When preparing to assess conformation there are vast quantities of factors which need to be considered. You should also note in the following brief statements of conformation points, we only discuss factors considered for good conformation (we cannot fully incorporate every possibility of horse conformation for the purpose of this book). If a horse displays something different from what is in this information, it does not necessarily mean reduced function, performance or health. You should always have conformation checked by an experienced equine professional or veterinarian as you develop an eye for conformation. 

Head: generally lean and in proportion with the entire horse. Jawbone should have space between its lower edge and the jugular allowing flexion. The set of the head on the neck affects flexion (therefore control and balance) so look for a well-set head – for this consider the shoulder angle.  

Eyes: should be clear and bright, not too large or too small. Widely set eyes give a broad range of vision. It is a common belief that the expression of the eye is a sign of temperament.

Ears: should be of a good size, flexible and forward facing when pricked.

Muzzle: look for clean nostrils.

Neck: there should be a convex curve with a distinct arch from the poll to the withers; in front of the withers, the neckline should be straight. The neck muscle should disappear into the shoulder smoothly in the middle of the shoulder. Look for clean lines of the neck and a balanced length in proportion with the rest of the horse.

Withers: are the highest part of the horse and so height is determined from here. Withers are defined clearly providing a point for attachment of the shoulder and back muscles.  

Shoulder: this should have a definite slope forward from the withers to its point. The top of the shoulder blades should be close together.

Chest: the chest should be of medium size and allow heart space.

Body: like the chest, the body should be deep allowing heart space, but additionally it should allow plenty of space for the lungs at full volume. Measurements from the withers to the lowest part of the girth should be the same measurement as from the girth to the ground.

Ribs: 18 ribs attached to vertebrae, interconnected by cartilage, should only by slightly curved to start with, then increasing in curvature to give a well-rounded appearance.

Back: should be almost level, length should be medium (neck length and back length are in proportion).

Loins: are located on either side of the spinal processes, they should be broad and well developed.

Quarters: shape will vary however a fit horse will have well-developed and firm muscle tone

Forelegs: should be straight from the top of the leg to the foot when viewed from the front. When viewed from the side, the straight line should continue from the top of leg to the front of the fetlock.

Hind legs: when viewing from the side, there should be a straight line from the point of the buttock through the point of the hock and fetlock.

Knees: should be broad, deep and flat.

Hocks: are large with a clean outline and a prominent point at the back. The section from hock to fetlock should seem short. The alignment and overall position of the hock is very important.

Cannon: should be short when measured from below the knee.

Fetlock: should appear flat, not rounded.

Feet: front feet and hind feet are matching pairs and forward facing. Front feet slope at 45-50o from the ground level when standing straight and square. Hind feet are slightly longer and narrower than front feet and have a higher angle of slope. Heels should be wide with well-developed frogs. Feet should not be excessively large or small. The surface should be smooth, not cracked.
 
ACS Global Partner - Affiliated with colleges in seven countries around the world.

Since 1999 ACS has been a recognised member of IARC (International Approval and Registration Centre). A non-profit quality management organisation servicing education.


How can I start this course?

You can enrol at anytime and start the course when you are ready. Enrolments are accepted all year - students can commence study at any time. All study is self paced and ACS does not set assignment deadlines.

Please note that if a student is being assisted by someone else (e.g. an employer or government subsidy), the body offering the assistance may set deadlines. Students in such situations are advised to check with their sponsor prior to enrolling. The nominal duration of a course is approximately how long a course takes to complete. A course with a nominal duration of 100 hours is expected to take roughly 100 hours of study time to complete. However, this will vary from student to student. Short courses (eg. 100 hrs duration) should be completed within 12 months of enrolment. Certificates, Advanced Certificates and Awards (eg. over 500 hours duration) would normally be completed within 3 -5 years of enrolment. Additional fees may apply if a student requires an extended period to complete.
If a student cannot submit their assignments for 6 months to ACS, they should advise the school to avoid cancellation of their student
registration. Recommencement fees may apply.

Simply click on the ENROL OPTIONS button at the top of this screen and follow the prompts.

You can see the course price at the top of this page. Click 'enrolment options' to see any payment options available.

You can pay by Credit Card, PayPal, Afterpay or bank transfer.

Yes! We have payment plans for most courses. Click 'enrolment options' to see the available payment plans.
We also have Afterpay that will allow you to pay for your course or payment plans in four instalments (if you are in Australia).


What do I need to know before I enrol?

There are no entry requirements that you need to meet to enrol in our courses, our courses are for everyone.
If you are under 18, we need written permission from your parent/ guardian for your enrolment to continue, we can arrange that after you have enrolled.

You don’t need to purchase any additional resources to complete our courses.

We aim to teach you the essentials without you having to purchase any specific computer program.
We recommend that you have access to a word processing program, such as Microsoft Word or Google Docs, so that you can easily complete and submit your assignments.

You sure can. We are here to help you learn whatever your abilities.

Yes, if you are enrolling in a Certificate or Advanced Certificate, you might be eligible for credits if you have evidence of your previous studies or relevant experience. More information is here.

We recommend that you are able to browse websites, send emails and conduct online research. You will need to be able to type and submit your assignments.
If you have limited computer skills, we can make special arrangements for you.

This is possible, it depends on the institution. We recommend that if you would like to use our courses that you contact the institution first. Our Course Handbook is a good resource for this.

Our courses are written in English and we only have English speaking academic staff. If you can read and complete your assignments in English, our courses are ideal for you.

Our courses are designed to build knowledge, hands on skills and industry connections to help prepare you to work in the area, running your own business, professional development or as a base for further study.

This course has been designed to cover the fundamentals of the topic. It will take around 100 hours to complete, which includes your course reading, assignment work, research, practical tasks, watching videos and anything else that is contained in the course. Our short courses are a great way to do some professional development or to learn a new skill.

It’s up to you. The study hours listed in the course are a rough guide, however if you were to study a short course (100 hours) at 10 hours per week, you could finish the course in 10 weeks (just an example). Our courses are self-paced, so you can work through the courses in your own time. We recommend that you wait for your tutor to mark and return your assignment before your start your next one, so you get the benefits of their feedback.

The course consists of course notes, videos, set tasks for your practical work, online quizzes, an assignment for each lesson (that you receive feedback from your tutor from) and ends in an exam (which is optional, if would like to receive the formal award at the end), using our custom built Learning Management System - Login.Training.

Our courses are designed for adults to gain professional development and skills to further their careers and start businesses.

Our custom online learning portal allows you to conduct your learning online. There may be practical tasks that you can do offline. You have the option of downloading your course notes or print them to read later.

There is also the option to pay an additional fee for printed course notes and or USB (availability limited to location and deliverability).

Yes, if you don’t have access to the internet, you can receive the course as paper notes or on a USB stick for an additional fee. We can also make alternative arrangements for you to send your assignments to us.

We offer printed notes for an additional fee. Also, you can request your course notes on a USB stick for an additional fee.

Yes, your tutor is here to help you. Simply post any questions you have in your login.training portal or contact the office and we can pass on a message to your tutor.

We are more learning focussed, rather than assessment focussed. You have online quizzes to test your learning, written assignments and can complete an exam at the end of the course (if you want to receive your certificate). You will not receive a pass/ fail on your course work. If you need to add more details on your assignment, we will ask you to resubmit and direct you where you need to focus. If you need help, you can ask your tutor for advice in the student room.

Each module (short course) is completed with one exam.

Exams are optional, however you must sit an exam if you would like to receive a formal award. You will need to find someone who can supervise that you are sitting the exams under exams conditions. There is an additional cost of $55 (AUS) $50 (O/S) for each exam.
More information is here

There are practical components built into the course that have been designed to be achieved by anyone, anywhere. If you are unable to complete a task for any reason, you can ask your tutor for an alternative.

When you complete the course work and the exam and you will be able receive your course certificate- a Statement of Attainment. Otherwise, you can receive a Letter of Completion.

You can bundle the short courses to create your own customised learning bundle, Certificates or Advanced Certificates. More information is on this page.

Yes, our courses are built to be applicable for people living anywhere in any situation. We provide the fundamentals, and each student can apply their own unique flair for their own interests, region and circumstances with the one-on-one guidance of a tutor. There is also a bit of student directed research involved.

Employers value candidates with industry skills, knowledge, practical skills and formal learning. Our courses arm you with all of these things to help prepare you for a job or start your own business. The longer you study the more you will learn.

ACS has an arrangement with OAMPS (formerly AMP) who can arrange Professional Indemnity from Australian and New Zealand graduates across all disciplines. Ph: 1800 222 012 or email acs@oamps.com.au.


Who are ACS Distance Education?

ACS Distance Education have been educating people for over 40 years.

We are established and safe- we have been in education for over 40 years.
We are focused on developing innovative courses that are relevant to you now and what you will need to know in the future.
We are focused on helping you learn and make the most of your experience.
You can enrol at any time, you can work on your course when it suits you and at your own pace.
We are connected to many industry bodies and our staff participate in continuous improvement and learning activities to ensure that we are ahead of what learning is needed for the future.

Our courses are not accredited by the Australian Government. However many of our courses are recognised and held in high regard by many industry bodies.

Our courses are written by our staff, who all have many years experience and have qualifications in their speciality area. We have lots of academic staff who write and update our courses regularly.


How do I enrol my staff/ sponsored students?

Yes, you can do a request for a bulk enrolment and request an invoice on our Invoice Request Form

We can prepare an invoice, quote or proforma invoice. Simply complete your details on our Invoice Request form

We can arrange bulk discounts for your course enrolment, please get in touch with us to discuss your needs.

Yes, we have many students who are in locked facilities, such as prisons or hospitals. We can cater by also offering paper notes at an additional cost.


What if I have any more questions or need more information?

We can assist you to find the right course for your needs. Get in touch with us via email (admin@acs.edu.au) call on +61 7 5562 1088 or complete our course advice form.


What if I change my mind?

Please get in touch with studentservices@acs.edu.au if you would like to be removed from our mail list.

If you would like ACS Distance Education to delete your information at any time (whether you are a customer or a prospective customer), please contact our privacy officer and we will process this ( admin@acs.edu.au ).




Course Contributors

The following academics were involved in the development and/or updating of this course.

Dr. Gareth Pearce

Veterinary scientist and surgeon with expertise in agriculture and environmental science, with over 25 years of experience in teaching and research in agriculture, veterinary medicine, wildlife ecology and conservation in the UK, Australia and New Zealand

Cheryl Wilson

Cheryl has spent two decades working in agriculture, equine and education industries, across England, Scotland, Australia and New Zealand. She graduated with a B.Sc.(Hons), HND Horse Mgt, C&G Teaching Cert.
For several years, Cheryl managed the distance





Tutors

Meet some of the tutors that guide the students through this course.

Jade Sciascia

Former Business Coordinator, Scottish Environmental Protection Agency, Secondary School teacher (Biology); Administrator (Recruitment), Senior Supervisor (Youth Welfare). International Business Manager for IARC. Academic officer and writer with ACS for over 10 years, both in Australia and in the UK.

Alison Pearce

Alison brings a wealth of knowledge and experience to ACS Agriculture, Wildlife and Ecotourism students.

She has worked as a University Lecturer, a Quality Assurance Manager, a Research Technician, and has also run a veterinary operating theatre; responsible for animal anaesthesia, instrument preparation, and assistance with surgical techniques and procedures. She has worked in the UK, Australia and New Zealand.

She has extensive experience of handling, husbandry, and management of a wide range of both small and large animals and has a particular love for nature and wildlife.

Yvonne Sharpe

Over 30 years of experience in horticulture, education and management, Yvonne has travelled widely within and beyond Europe, and has worked in many areas of horticulture from garden centres to horticultural therapy. She has served on industry committees and been actively involved with amateur garden clubs for decades.

Need Help?

Take advantage of our personalised, expert course counselling service to ensure you're making the best course choices for your situation.


I agree for ACS Distance Education to contact me and store my information until I revoke my approval. For more info, view our privacy policy.