Back Health Care


Study this online course in back health care to understand how to recognise a range of skeletal, muscular and neurological back problems and determine appropriate interventions.

Course CodeBRE216
Fee CodeS2
Duration (approx)100 hours
QualificationStatement of Attainment


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Learn How to Help People With Back Problems 

Problems with back health and wellbeing are extremely common and cost governments, employers, and the people suffering with the injury enormous amounts of money. These problems are also widespread – at some point, close to 60% of us will experience some sort of back pain.

Back pain can result from mechanical issues or from poor posture and can occasionally be a symptom of something completely different. As we start to consider all aspects of back pain, it is important to remember that the person with the back pain probably already knows some of the causes of their pain, but they may not be aware of how specific activities could be contributing to continuing pain while other activities, exercises, treatment forms or medications could combine to alleviate the pain and treat the underlying causes.

Problems with a back may be due to a back injury but can also be due to a variety of other things including disease, nutritional issues, muscle weakness (possibly through lack of exercise), bad ergonomics (e.g. sleeping, standing or sitting incorrectly) or problems in another part of the body e.g. flat feet, neck problems, and problems in the arms. Most back pain (90%) arises out of mechanical problems which can be readily addressed without concern that there may be underlying issues of a more sinister nature. However, there are specific ‘red flags’ that suggest the person in pain needs to be referred to a specialist for further investigation. The presence of these red flags doesn’t mean that bad news is inevitable, it just requires caution and care until the specialist makes a decision.


 - This course teaches students how to recognise genuine back problems and consider appropriate responses.

 - The course has been developed to broaden and deepen an understanding of back care in a holistic way. 

 - Learn about posture, anatomy, the nervous system, assessment of back health, how to treat and prevent back injuries, and so much more. 

 

Lesson Structure

There are 9 lessons in this course:

  1. Patterns, Causes, and Effects of Back Problems
    • Red Flags for Back Pain
    • Pain only on One Side
    • Back Injuries
    • The Connections Between Back Pain and Depression
    • Work Related Back Pain
    • Posture and Ergonomics
  2. Back Anatomy and Physiology
    • The Skeleton
    • The Skeletal System of The Back
    • Spinal Curvatures
    • The Relationship Between the Muscles and The Skeleton
    • Stretching A Muscle
    • The Nervous System’s Supply to The Back
    • Experiencing Pain
    • Trigger Points
  3. Preventing Back Injuries
    • Lifestyle Issues and Habits
    • Correct Lifting Technique
    • Good Posture
    • Diet
    • Ergonomics
    • Preventative Treatments
    • Muscles and Flexibility
    • Managing Back Related Injuries
    • Taping Up an Injury
    • Managing Inflammation
  4. Types of Back Injury
    • Spinal Injuries
    • Musculoskeletal Injury
    • Neurological Injuries
    • Pinched & Trapped Nerves
  5. Assessment and Screening
    • Collecting Client Information
    • Functional/Physical Assessment
    • Psychosocial Assessment
    • Symptoms of a Spinal Injury (Bone)
    • Symptoms of a Muscular Back Injury
    • Symptoms of a Neurological Back Injury
    • Clinical Assessment Procedures
  6. Professional Treatments
    • Back Care Professionals
    • Complementary Therapies
    • Psychological Treatments for Chronic Pain Management
  7. Surgical and Pharmaceutical Treatments
    • Pharmaceutical interventions
    • Understanding Prescription Medication Addiction
    • Surgery
  8. Back Health Maintenance
    • Best Practice
    • Changing Habits
    • Legal Issues
    • Specific Practitioner Issues
    • Ethics
    • The Mind’s Impact on the Physical Body
    • A Holistic Approach
  9. Rehabilitation
    • Back Pain & Grief
    • Progressive Programme Design
    • Providing Psychosocial Support
    • Establishing and Monitoring Exercise Quotas and Intensity
    • Personal Rehabilitation
    • Professional Rehabilitation and Care

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

Aims

  • Discuss back health and the scope and nature of what causes back problems including pain.
  • Describe the physical biology of the spine, vertebrae and both muscular & neurological tissues in the human back and related parts of the body.
  • Determine actions an individual should take to better manage back health.
  • Explain the most frequent types of back injury.
  • Identify information required to make assessment of a client’s back health. Determine a suitable way of assessing safe and appropriate activity levels for the individual relative to the condition of their back.
  • Explain the scope and nature of treatments carried out by back care professionals.
  • Evaluate optional medical responses to persistent back health issues including pharmaceuticals and surgery.
  • Plan a maintenance response appropriate to an individual, giving informed advice to a client within the legal and ethical limits of your knowledge and experience.
  • Explain the rehabilitation process after a back injury or any other back problem.

What You Will Do

  • Consider important questions to determine the nature of back pain.
  • Explain the difference is between posture and ergonomics.
  • Determine significant causes of back pain.
  • Draw a simple sketch of vertebrae and discs.
  • Discuss trigger points.
  • Explain differences in spinal curvature in relation to movement.
  • Determine whether a person has a nerve injury or muscle injury of the back.
  • Describe how to tape different types of upper back injuries.
  • Discuss different types of stretching and their role in back health.
  • Explain the difference between a bulging disc and a herniated disc.
  • Describe the difference between subluxation and dislocation.
  • Explain similarities and differences between sprains and strains.
  • Determine exercises to recommend for pinched spinal nerves and sciatica.
  • Devise a weekly exercise program for an individual with a back problem.
  • Explain what is meant by Physiology Slump Test.
  • Explain differences between neurological and muscular symptoms of back injury.
  • Assess psychosocial aspects of back pain/injury.
  • Suggest the best course of treatment for different back conditions.
  • Compare alternative treatments to traditional treatments for back injuries.
  • Discuss similarities and differences between over the counter and prescription medications for back pain.
  • Explain what is meant by drug dependence.
  • Discuss different types of spinal surgery and expected outcomes.
  • Provide instructions for post-operative clients to help them get into and out of bed comfortably.
  • Describe effective and manageable sleep routines.
  • Delineate the importance ethical practice when helping clients with back pain.
  • Explain psychosocial aspects of pain management.
  • Establish and monitor exercise quotas and intensity with a client.

Who is this Course For?

This course is of relevance to anyone who has an interest in back care. This includes not only people working in mainstream and complementary health care, but also those concerned with fitness and wellbeing in or outside of the workplace. It is also relevant to workplace health and safety, to sporting and fitness professionals, counselling,  coaching professionals, and more.

The course may be used for professional development purposes or as a foundation to further study. It may asl obe of value to individuals with back pain or back health issues who wish to broaden their knowledge and understanding of this subject.    


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