Arboriculture II

Course CodeBHT208
Fee CodeS2
Duration (approx)100 hours
QualificationStatement of Attainment
  

Learn Preventative Arboriculture and Plantation Establishment

  • Improve your management of trees to minimize potential long term tree problems.
  • Learn about better tree selection, strengthening and improving health of existing trees.
  • Gain techniques used to safely remove trees and stumps
  • Learn establishment of tree plantations
  • Get the confidence to extend your business or work
  • Save money by home study

7 Lessons with set task, 7 assignments. Online and elearning comes with self assessment tasks.

This course is designed to follow on from Arboriculture I, however it may be taken as a stand alone short course.

TUTOR'S COMMENT     “This course provides graduates with more in-depth knowledge than Arboriculture I by focusing on such topics as transplanting techniques, environmental control, environmental tolerance, and strengthening techniques, as well as felling and stump removal. The course culminates with a lesson on establishing and designing a tree plantation geared at the serious professional.” - Gavin Cole B.Sc., Psych.Cert., Cert.Garden Design, MACA, ACS Tutor.

Lesson Structure

There are 7 lessons in this course:

  1. Planting Techniques
    • Soil, Water, Climate, Maintenance, Matching a tree to the site, Local regulations, Plant at the right time, Planting techniques, Plant size and age, Container type, Buying a tree, How to plant a tree, Watering method, Transplanting a large tree, Preparing for transplanting, Aftercare, small feature trees, Transplanting deciduous trees, Pruning at planting, Pocket planting, Slope serration, Wattling, Planting on Arid sites, Direct seeding, Spray seeding, trees with berries,
  2. Controlling Plant Problems
    • Temperature, Frost, Winds, Acclimatisation, Tree guards, Other Tree Problems (Fire damage, Fire Resistant trees, pollution and toxic reactions, Soil contamination, Treating foliage burn, Soil rehabilitation, Trees to extract soil contaminants, Soil chemical composition, Air pollution and tree growth, pollutant tolerant trees, Pollution intolerant trees, Trees to control Urban air pollution, Dry soils, Symptoms of drought stressed trees, Dry soil tolerant trees, Trees for hot sites, Drainage problems and trees, Wet tolerant trees, Treee health problems, Resistant plant species, Choosing and using pesticides safely, Biological controls of pest and disease, Life cycles, Tree termites, Tree injections, Tree nutrition and nutrition management, Fertilisers
  3. Strengthening Weak Trees
    • Trimming, Trimming technique, Adverse responses to trimming, thinning, Bracing, temporary props, Modern bracing systems, Bolting, Rodding technique, Guy wires, How strong is dead wood, Cabling
  4. Controlling Damage Caused by Plants
    • Tree damage, Tree root problems, trees that can cause problems with drains, Precautions with drains, Selecting and using trees near drains, Limiting root problems, Root pruning, Trees and the water table (Aquifers), Trees and power lines, Poisonous trees,
  5. Tree Felling and Stump Removal
    • Tree evaluation systems, Calculating tree value, Tree removal, Why remove a tree, Tree felling methods, Axe, Saws, Winches, Chain saw, Controlling the fall, Different methods or removing stumps, Protecting trees, National Tree registers, Measuring tree height, Keeping a work site safe, risk assessment, Duty of care, Costing jobs,
  6. Tolerant Plant Species
    • What to plant where, Tree data required, Influence of trees on buildings, Species suitability, Planning considerations, Harsh environments, frost protection, Frost resistant trees, Sun protection, Mulching, Fencing, wind protection, Wind tolerant trees, Soil degradation, Saline tolerant trees, Lime tolerance, Acid tolerance, Hardy trees for inner city, Review of several major genera.
  7. Establishing a Tree Plantation
    • Windbreaks, Windbreak design, Choosing windbreak species, Designing tree plantations, Producing drawings to scale.

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

Aims

  • Explain how to plant a specified advanced-sized tree on a specific site.
  • Explain tree injection, including the technique and applications.
  • Identify situations where trees require strengthening operations to be carried out.
  • Compare different ways to control roots which invade underground pipes.
  • Calculate the cost of removing a specified tree.
  • Determine appropriate tree species suited to a specific site visited and analysed.
  • Devise a method for removing a tree, including tree felling and stump removal.
  • Analyse specimens of mature trees, from different genera, to detect any patterns in problems occurring in those trees.
  • Develop criteria for the establishment of a tree plantation on a specific site which addresses; site restrictions, cost and function.

Tips -Innovative Ways to Plant Trees

Pocket Planting

This is simply establishing a pocket or basin on a slope, with the soil excavated from the pocket being used to form a wall enclosing the pocket, particularly on the down slope side. The wall will then retain water and help prevent soil erosion occurring. An overflow spillway in the wall will prevent the pocket from being washed away in heavy rains. The pocket may need to be reformed every now and then, until the plant is established.

 

Slope Serration

Sloping sites can be terraced to enable plant establishment and reduce erosion. Slopes are cut into steps which measure approx. 1 m x 1 m, with the steps sloping back towards the hill to retain water. Over time, the steps will erode, however, the plants will usually have become established by then. The loose soil from the eroded steps also provides favourable germination sites for seed which is dropped from other nearby plants.

 

Wattling

This technique relies on the use of bunches of branches placed on slopes to prevent erosion. Bundles of long, slender branches are tied into bundles and are partially buried in contoured trenches which have been cut across the slope, or cut branches and dried brush are simply spread across the surface of the slope.

In some cases, the wattling bundles have been prepared from species which root easily (eg. willows or poplars) and which then become part of the slope stabilisation scheme. Dried brush is sometimes used as an alternative, especially in countries where introduced willows or other suckering plants are likely to become invasive weeds.

 

Planting Arid Sites

Plant establishment in unirrigated, arid sites can be extremely difficult. Mulching, controlling competing weed growth, wide spacing of plants and creating saucers of soil to retain water, are simple ways of overcoming the water shortage problem. Smaller-sized plants also have a better chance of becoming established.

Condensation traps have also been used with some success in areas with clear night skies. One simple method of trapping the moisture from condensation is to construct a 1.5 m diameter planting basin with a depth of 30 cm. The plant is placed on a mound in the centre and polythene sheeting is arranged to absorb evaporating soil moisture.

 

Direct Seeding

Direct seeding is a low cost method of re‑establishing vegetation, although the results are less predictable than transplanting established nursery‑ grown plants.

The most important factor is to eliminate weed growth before seeding to remove competition from the germinating seeds. An initial spray with chemical herbicides will give the best results; alternatively cultivation can be used to encourage dormant weed seeds to germinate which can then be sprayed. A light cultivation of the soil will also provide favourable germination conditions for the seed. Seed can then be broadcast either by hand on small sites, or by direct drilling or mechanical hoppers for larger areas. Fencing the site and follow‑up weed control is also be required.

In areas where there is an existing cover of native vegetation, natural regeneration can give good results. The site should be fenced off, and the weeds on the windward side of the tree (where seeds are most likely to drop) should be removed.

 

Spray Seeding

Spray seeding is a technique which is often used on sites which are steeply sloped or have limited access. Seeds are mixed into a slurry of water and wood cellulose materials (ie. paper, wood shavings, sawdust etc). Using a pump, the mixture is then sprayed onto the surface of the ground. The slurry acts to provide a protective mulching surface for the seeds.



Credentials

ACS is an Organisational Member of the British Institute for Learning and Development
ACS is an Organisational Member of the British Institute for Learning and Development

Member of the Institute of Horticulture Careers Advisory Bureau
Member of the Institute of Horticulture Careers Advisory Bureau

Member of Study Gold Coast, Education Network
Member of Study Gold Coast, Education Network

ACS Global Partner - Affiliated with colleges in seven countries around the world.
ACS Global Partner - Affiliated with colleges in seven countries around the world.

Member Nursery and Garden Industry Association
Member Nursery and Garden Industry Association

ACS is recognised by the International Accreditation and Recognition Council
ACS is recognised by the International Accreditation and Recognition Council



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  John Mason

Parks Manager, Nurseryman, Landscape Designer, Garden Writer and Consultant. Over 40 years experience; working in Victoria, Queensland and the UK. He is one of the most widely published garden writers in the world; author of more than 70 books and editor for 4 different gardening magazines. John has been recognised by his peers being made a fellow of the Institute of Horticulture in the UK, as well as by the Australian Institute of Horticulture.
  Yvonne Sharpe

RHS Cert.Hort, Dip.Hort, M.Hort, Cert.Ed., Dip.Mgt. Over 30 years experience in business, education, management and horticulture. Former department head at a UK government vocational college. Yvonne has traveled widely within and beyond Europe, and has worked in many areas of horticulture from garden centres to horticultural therapy. She has served on industry committees and been actively involved with amateur garden clubs for decades.
  Gavin Cole

B.Sc., Cert.Garden Design. Landscape Designer, Operations Manager, Consultant, Garden Writer. He was operations manager for a highly reputable British Landscape firm (The Chelsea Gardener) before starting up his own landscaping firm. He spent three years working in our Gold Coast office, as a tutor and writer for Your Backyard (gardening magazine) which we produced monthly for a Sydney punlisher between 1999 and 2003. Since then, Gavin has contributed regularly to many magazines, co authored several gardening books and is currently one of the "garden experts" writing regularly for the "green living" magazine "Home Grown".
  Bob James

Horticulturalist, Agriculturalist, Environmental consultant, Businessman and Professional Writer. Over 40 years in industry, Bob has held a wide variety of senior positions in both government and private enterprise. Bob has a Dip. Animal Husb, B.App.Sc., Grad.Dip.Mgt, PDC
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