Anatomy II (Human)

Deepen your understanding of human anatomy. Learn more about surface, regional and systemic anatomy, and radiographic, diagnostic anatomy and cytology.

Course Code: BSC112
Fee Code: S4
Duration (approx) Duration (approx) 100 hours
Qualification Statement of Attainment
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Learn More about Human Anatomy -

  • The physical composition/structure of our bodies.
  • Relevant to mainstream health, fitness, paramedical, alternative therapies and more.
  • Enrol and commence studying any time
  • Work at your own pace and focus on things of greater interest to you.
  • Great tutors, highly qualified with years of experience stand ready to support you every step of the way
An advanced anatomy course developed for people wishing to develop a career in health, health support or human sciences. This course is our second anatomy course, building on the foundation established in Human Biology IA - anatomy & physiology. If you have studied anatomy before at another college, this course may be a good option to build on those studies as well.

Lesson Structure

There are 7 lessons in this course:

  1. Cytology
    • Common Organelles & Structures such as Plasma Membrane, Cytoplasm, Cytosol, Cytoskeleton, Nucleus, Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER), Mitochondria, Golgi Apparatus, Ribosomes, Lysosome and Peroxisome
    • Specialised Organelles & Structures - Sarcolemma, Sarcoplasmic Reticulum, T-Tubules, Undulipodia and Microvilli
    • The Anatomy of Cellular Division - Review, Characteristic Interphase Structures, Characteristic Mitosis Structures
  2. Surface Anatomy
    • Terminology: Regions and Positions of the Body, Planes and Views of the Body, Locational and Directional Terminology, Descriptive Terms, Numerical Terms
    • Surface Anatomy
    • Superficial Structures, Features and Markings - the Head, the Neck, the Back, the Anterior Torso, the Upper Extremities and the Lower Extremities.
    • Practical Use of Surface Anatomy - Inspection, Palpation, Auscultation, Percussion, Measuring Vital Signs, Blood Testing and Signs versus Symptoms
  3. Systemic Anatomy I
    • Systemic Anatomy - Integumentary, Nervous, Endocrine, Immune etc.
    • Organisation of the Body
    • The integumentary System - Anatomy of the Skin and Anatomy of other Integumentary System Components
    • The Nervous System - the Brain, the Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerve Anatomy, Divisions of the Nervous System
    • The Cardiovascular System - the Heart and the Vasculature
    • The Renal System - the Kidneys, the Ureters, the Bladder and the Urethra.
  4. Systemic Anatomy II
    • The Endocrine System - the Pineal Gland, the Pituitary Gland, the Hypothalamus, Thyroid, Parathyroids, Thymus, Pancreas, Adrenal Glands and Ovaries and Testes.
    • The Immune System - Thymus, Spleen, Bone Marrow and Lymphatic System
    • The Male Reproductive System - External Components and Spermatogenesis in the Seminiferous Tubules of the Testes.
    • The Female Reproductive System - the Uterus, the Vagina, the External Genitalia, the Ovaries and Fallopian Tubes, Accessory Glands and the Breast and Mammary Tissue.
  5. Regional Anatomy I
    • Regional Anatomy - Integument, Peripheral Nervous System, Vasculature, Skeleton, Musculature
    • Musculature - Brevi, Extensor, Indicis, Longus, Palmar etc.
    • Bone - Girdle, Notch, Spine, Tuberosity etc.
    • Vasculature and Miscellaneous - Axilla, Cubital, Palpate etc.
    • The Cranial Cavity - Bones of the Skull and Facial Bones
    • Thoracic Cavity - the Oral and Nasal Cavities, the Paranasal Sinuses, the Nasopharynx, the Oropharynx, the Laryngopharynx, the Larynx, Laryngeal Membranes, Ligaments and Muscles, the Trachea, the Bronchial Tree, the Lungs and the Diaphragm
    • The Abdominopelvic Cavity - the Oesophagus, the Stomach, the Small Intestine and the Large Intestine.
  6. Regional Anatomy II
    • The Upper Extremities - Anatomical features of - the Humerus, the Ulna, the Radius, the Carpals, the Metacarpals, the Phalanges; Musculature of the Upper Extremities, Innervation of the Upper Extremity, Vasculature of the Upper Extremity.
    • The Lower Extremities - Anatomical Features of - the Pelvis, the Femur, the Tibia, the Fibula, the Tarsals, the Metatarsals, the Phalanges, Innervation of the Upper Extremity and Vasculature of the Lower Extremities.
  7. Radiographic and Diagnostic Anatomy
    • Medical Imaging - X-Ray, CAT scan, MRI, PET Scan and Ultrasound
    • Diagnostic Anatomy - Abdominopelvic Cavity, Abdominopelvic Quadrants.

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

What You Will Do

  • Describe the importance of the following structures of the eye: eyelids, eyelashes, and eyebrows.
  • What structures form the oral cavity? Briefly describe their importance.
  • Using the internet or other reference material, outline and describe otitis media and its causes.
  • Besides the eyes, ear, and mouth ... what other structures can be studied without a microscope ? List at least ten.
  • Using the internet or other reference material, describe the three basic functions of the nervous system that are necessary to maintain homeostasis.
  • Using reference materials or the internet, distinguish between grey and white matter and describe where they are found and their differences.
  • Using the internet or other reference material define the following: resting membrane potential, depolarization, repolarization, polarized membrane, nerve impulse, depolarized membrane, repolarized membrane, and refractory period.
  • List and describe the structure of the four principle parts of the brain.
  • Compare and contrast neurons and neuroglia, describing both structure and function
  • List the names and locations of the principal body cavities and their major organs.
  • List the names and locations of the abdominopelvic quadrants and regions.
  • In which quadrant would you feel the pain from appendicitis? From an inflamed liver or gallbladder problems? Problems with the sigmoid colon? Problems with the spleen?
  • Using the internet or other reference materials find a sample image of the listed medical imaging techniques.

Anatomy is the study of structure, how parts of the body are sized and shaped and how they interact with each other, as well as the tissues that form them. It does not consider how parts of the body function; what they do as this is the field of physiology.

Anatomy is and was the starting point of scientific investigation of the human body. Without an understanding of structure we cannot fully understand function, for it is the structure and interrelation of body parts that permits their function. In order to study anatomy, it is important to understand the different medical/scientific terms that are used to indicate location, relationship, components, numbers and so on. Key terms are introduced early in the course, some of which you may be familiar. These should still be reviewed along with new terms, to ensure you are able to fully understand this course.

A Foundation for Many Different Jobs

A knowledge of anatomy may be valuable for many jobs such as:

  • Medical, Health and Fitness Support jobs (Receptionists and assistants)
  • Fitness instructors, sports coaches, personal trainers
  • Massage therapists and other complimentary medicine practitioners
  • Retail staff in health food shops, pharmacies, sports stores, even foot ware stores
  • Writers and Journalists
  • Medics, Doctors, Researchers, Academics, Lecturers
Anatomy Starts with Understanding Human Cells 

The human body is made up of cells. When a body is conceived; there is initially one cell, but over time that grows into many, and as the body develops, the cells that emerge begin to differentiate from each other (ie. not all cells are the same as that original cell). The body gradually forms lots of different types of cells, each with it's own different characteristics; and those cells group together to create different types of tissue. Example, bones made up of bone cells, muscles made up of muscle cells.

As you explore anatomy, you will find that the more you learn, the more complex the subject can become. This can either be daunting or exhilarating. If your find it stimulating, you are probably going to learn more, and are on track for a wonderful and rewarding experience as you study more about the human body.

After you complete your studies

This course could make you think differently about the body.  An increased understanding of human anatomy could incite a passion for working in the health care industry. 

This is a great Professional Development course for anyone working in fitness, sport, physical rehabilitation or health care. 

Some may study it as part of a longer study program; or as a foundation for training as some type of health practitioner or assistant to a health practitioner.


ACS is a Member of the Complementary Medicine Association.
ACS is a Member of the Complementary Medicine Association.
ACS Global Partner - Affiliated with colleges in seven countries around the world.
ACS Global Partner - Affiliated with colleges in seven countries around the world.

How can I start this course?

You can enrol at anytime and start the course when you are ready. Enrolments are accepted all year - students can commence study at any time. All study is self paced and ACS does not set assignment deadlines.

Please note that if a student is being assisted by someone else (e.g. an employer or government subsidy), the body offering the assistance may set deadlines. Students in such situations are advised to check with their sponsor prior to enrolling. The nominal duration of a course is approximately how long a course takes to complete. A course with a nominal duration of 100 hours is expected to take roughly 100 hours of study time to complete. However, this will vary from student to student. Short courses (eg. 100 hrs duration) should be completed within 12 months of enrolment. Certificates, Advanced Certificates and Awards (eg. over 500 hours duration) would normally be completed within 3 -5 years of enrolment. Additional fees may apply if a student requires an extended period to complete.
If a student cannot submit their assignments for 6 months to ACS, they should advise the school to avoid cancellation of their student
registration. Recommencement fees may apply.

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What do I need to know before I enrol?

There are no entry requirements that you need to meet to enrol in our courses, our courses are for everyone.
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We aim to teach you the essentials without you having to purchase any specific computer program.
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You sure can. We are here to help you learn whatever your abilities.

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If you have limited computer skills, we can make special arrangements for you.

This is possible, it depends on the institution. We recommend that if you would like to use our courses that you contact the institution first. Our Course Handbook is a good resource for this.

Our courses are written in English and we only have English speaking academic staff. If you can read and complete your assignments in English, our courses are ideal for you.

Our courses are designed to build knowledge, hands on skills and industry connections to help prepare you to work in the area, running your own business, professional development or as a base for further study.

This course has been designed to cover the fundamentals of the topic. It will take around 100 hours to complete, which includes your course reading, assignment work, research, practical tasks, watching videos and anything else that is contained in the course. Our short courses are a great way to do some professional development or to learn a new skill.

It’s up to you. The study hours listed in the course are a rough guide, however if you were to study a short course (100 hours) at 10 hours per week, you could finish the course in 10 weeks (just an example). Our courses are self-paced, so you can work through the courses in your own time. We recommend that you wait for your tutor to mark and return your assignment before your start your next one, so you get the benefits of their feedback.

The course consists of course notes, videos, set tasks for your practical work, online quizzes, an assignment for each lesson (that you receive feedback from your tutor from) and ends in an exam (which is optional, if would like to receive the formal award at the end), using our custom built Learning Management System - Login.Training.

Our courses are designed for adults to gain professional development and skills to further their careers and start businesses.

Our custom online learning portal allows you to conduct your learning online. There may be practical tasks that you can do offline. You have the option of downloading your course notes or print them to read later.

There is also the option to pay an additional fee for printed course notes and or USB (availability limited to location and deliverability).

Yes, if you don’t have access to the internet, you can receive the course as paper notes or on a USB stick for an additional fee. We can also make alternative arrangements for you to send your assignments to us.

We offer printed notes for an additional fee. Also, you can request your course notes on a USB stick for an additional fee.

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We are more learning focussed, rather than assessment focussed. You have online quizzes to test your learning, written assignments and can complete an exam at the end of the course (if you want to receive your certificate). You will not receive a pass/ fail on your course work. If you need to add more details on your assignment, we will ask you to resubmit and direct you where you need to focus. If you need help, you can ask your tutor for advice in the student room.

Each module (short course) is completed with one exam.

Exams are optional, however you must sit an exam if you would like to receive a formal award. You will need to find someone who can supervise that you are sitting the exams under exams conditions. There is an additional cost of $60 incl. GST for each exam.
More information is here

There are practical components built into the course that have been designed to be achieved by anyone, anywhere. If you are unable to complete a task for any reason, you can ask your tutor for an alternative.

When you complete the course work and the exam and you will be able receive your course certificate- a Statement of Attainment. Otherwise, you can receive a Letter of Completion.

You can bundle the short courses to create your own customised learning bundle, Certificates or Advanced Certificates. More information is on this page.

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Employers value candidates with industry skills, knowledge, practical skills and formal learning. Our courses arm you with all of these things to help prepare you for a job or start your own business. The longer you study the more you will learn.

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ACS Distance Education have been educating people for over 40 years.

We are established and safe- we have been in education for over 40 years.
We are focused on developing innovative courses that are relevant to you now and what you will need to know in the future.
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You can enrol at any time, you can work on your course when it suits you and at your own pace.
We are connected to many industry bodies and our staff participate in continuous improvement and learning activities to ensure that we are ahead of what learning is needed for the future.

Our courses are not accredited by the Australian Government. However many of our courses are recognised and held in high regard by many industry bodies.

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We can arrange bulk discounts for your course enrolment, please get in touch with us to discuss your needs.

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Course Contributors

The following academics were involved in the development and/or updating of this course.

Alison Pearce (Agri & Animal)

Alison brings a wealth of knowledge and experience to ACS students.

She has worked as a University Lecturer, has also run a veterinary operating theatre; responsible for animal anaesthesia, instrument preparation, and assistance with surgical techniques and procedures. She has worked in the UK, Australia and New Zealand.

She has extensive experience of handling, husbandry, and management of a wide range of both small and large animals and has a particular love for nature and wildlife.

Alison has a BSc (Hon) Animal Science.

Jade Sciascia

Biologist, Business Coordinator, Government Environmental Dept, Secondary School teacher (Biology); Recruitment Consultant, Senior Supervisor in Youth Welfare, Horse Riding Instructor (part-completed) and Boarding Kennel Manager.
Jade has a B.Sc.Biol, Dip.Professional Education, Cert IV TESOL, Cert Food Hygiene.

Lyn Quirk

M.Prof.Ed.; Adv.Dip.Compl.Med (Naturopathy); Adv.Dip.Sports Therapy
Over 30 years as Health Club Manager, Fitness Professional, Teacher, Coach and Business manager in health, fitness and leisure industries. As business owner and former department head for TAFE, she brings a wealth of skills and experience to her role as a tutor for ACS.

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