Agronomy IV -Legume Crops


Agronomy course for learning about growing broadacre legumes crops for human or animal food.

Course CodeBAG311
Fee CodeS3
Duration (approx)100 hours
QualificationStatement of Attainment


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A course for farm workers, managers and suppliers who are involved in the production of legume food crops.

What can this course do for you?

  • Learn to produce a wider variety of pulse (legume) crops including different types of peas beans, lupins, soybeans, chickpeas etc.
  • Make better choices about what to grow, where and when
  • Diversify farm production for greater sustainability

How Legume Crops can Help the Farm

  • Legumes actually improve soil fertility. They have the ability to increase levels of nitrogen in the soil.
  • The biodiversity impact of varying the types of crops grown, can help reduce populations of pests and diseases
  • Farms that grow a greater variety of crops are diversifying their income. If income is derived from different crops, there is less chance of major financial issues. When prices are down on one crop, they may hold firm or be up on a different crop.

Legumes have a Diversity of Markets

 They are high in protein, and are the foundation for meat free human diets. Beans, peas and other legumes are critically important components in vegan and vegetarian diets. They are often a significant protein source for even meat eaters. Pulses are also a valued additive in animal feeds. Crops can be sold fresh or value added on or off farm. They are preserved by freezing or drying;  or processed for a diversity of products. Think about it: peanut oil, vegetarian sausages, refried beans, chilli con carne, roasted pulses as snacks, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

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Lesson Structure

There are 10 lessons in this course:

  1. Scope and Nature of Legume Cropping
    • Taxonomy of legumes
    • Brief history of legume use
    • Significance of Legume Crops
    • Food plants for people
    • Food plants for animals
    • Soil improvers
    • Amenity plants
    • Industrial crops
    • Weeds
    • Legume cover crops
    • Inoculation of Legumes
    • Legumes today
    • Shade & Salt Tolerant Cover Crops
  2. Peas
    • Introduction
    • Cultivars
    • Snap Peas
    • Green Peas
    • Appearance
    • Cultivation
    • Climate
    • Soil and Fertility
    • Land and Seed Bed Preparation
    • Planting Material
    • Inoculation
    • Plant Spacing
    • Trellising
    • Nutrient Management
    • Irrigation
    • Weed Control
    • Harvesting
  3. Growing Beans
    • Introduction
    • Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) -Classification, Growing Conditions, Climate, Soil, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Pest and Disease
    • Management
    • Varieties – bush, climbing
    • Harvesting
    • Storage
    • Runner Beans (Phaseolus coccineus) - Growing Conditions, Climate, Soil, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Pest and Disease, Varieties
    • Lima Beans (Phaseolus lunatus) – Growing Conditions, Planting, Harvesting, Varieties.
    • Broad Bean (Vicia faba)- Growing Conditions, Soil, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Harvesting, Crop Rotation, Pest and Disease, Varieties
    • Hyacinth Bean (Lablab purpureus) - Growing Conditions, Climate, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Pest and Disease, Varieties
    • Snake Bean (Vigna unguiculate ssp sesquipedalis) - Growing Conditions, Climate, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Pest and Disease
    • Mung Bean (Vigna radiata) Growing Conditions, Climate, Soil, Land preparation, Sowing, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Harvesting, Drying, Storage, IPM, Pest and Disease, Land Management
  4. Growing Lentils
    • Introduction
    • Planting Lentils
    • How to Plant
    • Soil, Watering and Fertiliser
    • Nurturing the Plants
    • Diseases
    • Pests
    • Harvesting
  5. Growing Lupins
    • Introduction
    • Lupin plant structure -leaves, stem, branches, roots, flower, pod, seed
    • Lupin Growing Cycle -germination phases
    • Benefits of Lupin Crops
    • Factors affecting Lupin Growth
    • Seed Quality
    • Sowing Lupins
    • Pod Growth
    • Harvesting
    • Sources for seed growth
    • Factors Affecting Seed Development – moisture, temperature
    • Fertilisers
    • Pests
  6. Growing Alfalfa
    • Introduction
    • How to grow alfalfa at home
    • Lucerne Cropping
    • Soil type
    • Fertility Management
    • Plant Variety
    • Planting Crops
    • Seeding Depth
    • Crop Management
    • Irrigation
    • Disease and Insect Management
    • Harvesting Lucerne
  7. Soybeans
    • Introduction
    • Planting Soybean Crops
    • Modern Farming Practices (eg. Zero tilling)
    • Soil Management
    • Variety Selection
    • Planting Soybeans
    • Plant Growth and Physiology
    • Nutrition and Fertiliser
    • Nutritional Deficiency
    • Weed Control
    • Pest Control
    • Harvesting Soybeans
  8. Growing Chickpeas
    • Introduction
    • Crop Preparation
    • Weed Control
    • Soil Preparation
    • Soil Moisture
    • Diseases
    • Chickpea Varieties -Desi Type, Kabuli Type
    • Planting Chickpeas
    • Plant Growth and Physiology
    • Nutrition and Fertiliser
    • Harvest
  9. Other Legumes
    • Peanut
    • Inga (Ice Cream Bean)
    • Tamarind
    • Carob
    • Acacia (Wattle seed)
    • Clovers and Annual Medics
    • Growing Clovers
    • Clover Species
    • Medics
  10. Processing and Using Legumes
    • Introduction
    • Storage Planning
    • Silo Options
    • Grain Storage Bags
    • Bunkers
    • Underground Pits
    • Calculating Costs
    • Variable Costs of On Farm Storage
    • Aeration Cooling
    • Repairs and Maintenance
    • Time & Labour
    • ROI Investment Analysis
    • Safety
    • Grain Storage and Insect Management
    • Storing Lentils
    • Storing Soybeans
    • Storing Chickpeas
    • Storing Peanuts
    • Storing Faba Beans
    • Storing Field Peas

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

Aims

  • Discuss commercial farming of Legumes
  • Explain different types of pea crops
  • Explain how to grow beans
  • Explain how to grow edible lupins
  • Explain how to grow an alfalfa crop
  • Explain the importance and growing of soybean crops
  • Explain the cultivation of chickpea crops
  • Explain how to grow a range of other legume food crops
  • Explain how legume crops are processed and used

What You Will Do

  • Research Legumes and products derived from legumes that are commonly available in your area.
    • Watch videos on legume crops.
    • Interview a close contact about whether they consume legumes, which ones and why.
    • Take notes and develop your understanding of the nutritional benefits of legumes.
    • Select two micronutrients and research how they affect health of pea crops. Look for information on how peas react to deficiency and over application of these nutrients.
    • Research how to sprout peas, sprout some peas and incorporate them into your meals.
    • Observe and take note of your sprouting project.
    • Research the significance of peas as an agricultural crop in your country.
    • Research the difference between peas selected for different types of processing, e.g. fresh, canned, frozen, or dried/dehydrated online.
    • Interview someone who has grown beans.
    • Watch videos of combine harvesters harvesting beans online and take notes.
    • Prepare lentils to eat.
    • Watch videos online of lentil growth and take notes.
    • Watch videos about lentil growing and sustainability online.
    • Pay attention to material on soil health and sustainability, and harvest. Make sure you take notes as you watch.
    • Research the importance of lupins as a feed crop for livestock.
    • Spend some time reading about interplanting lucerne with other crops.
    • Select two of the diseases affecting lucerne and undertake further research on these two diseases
    • Contact soybean suppliers online in your country.
    • Look for soybean suppliers online in your country. Compare the different varieties available online.
    • Explore the different types of chickpeas available in the local markets and grocery stores near your home.
    • Use chickpeas to make a recipe that you have not tried. Consider making hummus, a power bowl, roasted chickpeas or a dhal.
    • Look up agricultural feed suppliers online and examine their clover supplies
    • Research methods that are used to harvest peanut crops.
    • Research silo options online




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