Agronomy IV -Legume Crops

Agronomy course for learning about growing broadacre legumes crops for human or animal food.

Course Code: BAG311
Fee Code: S3
Duration (approx) Duration (approx) 100 hours
Qualification Statement of Attainment
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A course for farm workers, managers and suppliers who are involved in the production of legume food crops.

What can this course do for you?

  • Learn to produce a wider variety of pulse (legume) crops including different types of peas beans, lupins, soybeans, chickpeas etc.
  • Make better choices about what to grow, where and when
  • Diversify farm production for greater sustainability

How Legume Crops can Help the Farm

  • Legumes actually improve soil fertility. They have the ability to increase levels of nitrogen in the soil.
  • The biodiversity impact of varying the types of crops grown, can help reduce populations of pests and diseases
  • Farms that grow a greater variety of crops are diversifying their income. If income is derived from different crops, there is less chance of major financial issues. When prices are down on one crop, they may hold firm or be up on a different crop.

Legumes have a Diversity of Markets

 They are high in protein, and are the foundation for meat free human diets. Beans, peas and other legumes are critically important components in vegan and vegetarian diets. They are often a significant protein source for even meat eaters. Pulses are also a valued additive in animal feeds. Crops can be sold fresh or value added on or off farm. They are preserved by freezing or drying;  or processed for a diversity of products. Think about it: peanut oil, vegetarian sausages, refried beans, chilli con carne, roasted pulses as snacks, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

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Lesson Structure

There are 10 lessons in this course:

  1. Scope and Nature of Legume Cropping
    • Taxonomy of legumes
    • Brief history of legume use
    • Significance of Legume Crops
    • Food plants for people
    • Food plants for animals
    • Soil improvers
    • Amenity plants
    • Industrial crops
    • Weeds
    • Legume cover crops
    • Inoculation of Legumes
    • Legumes today
    • Shade & Salt Tolerant Cover Crops
  2. Peas
    • Introduction
    • Cultivars
    • Snap Peas
    • Green Peas
    • Appearance
    • Cultivation
    • Climate
    • Soil and Fertility
    • Land and Seed Bed Preparation
    • Planting Material
    • Inoculation
    • Plant Spacing
    • Trellising
    • Nutrient Management
    • Irrigation
    • Weed Control
    • Harvesting
  3. Growing Beans
    • Introduction
    • Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) -Classification, Growing Conditions, Climate, Soil, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Pest and Disease
    • Management
    • Varieties – bush, climbing
    • Harvesting
    • Storage
    • Runner Beans (Phaseolus coccineus) - Growing Conditions, Climate, Soil, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Pest and Disease, Varieties
    • Lima Beans (Phaseolus lunatus) – Growing Conditions, Planting, Harvesting, Varieties.
    • Broad Bean (Vicia faba)- Growing Conditions, Soil, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Harvesting, Crop Rotation, Pest and Disease, Varieties
    • Hyacinth Bean (Lablab purpureus) - Growing Conditions, Climate, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Pest and Disease, Varieties
    • Snake Bean (Vigna unguiculate ssp sesquipedalis) - Growing Conditions, Climate, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Pest and Disease
    • Mung Bean (Vigna radiata) Growing Conditions, Climate, Soil, Land preparation, Sowing, Planting, Irrigation, Nutrition, Weeds, Harvesting, Drying, Storage, IPM, Pest and Disease, Land Management
  4. Growing Lentils
    • Introduction
    • Planting Lentils
    • How to Plant
    • Soil, Watering and Fertiliser
    • Nurturing the Plants
    • Diseases
    • Pests
    • Harvesting
  5. Growing Lupins
    • Introduction
    • Lupin plant structure -leaves, stem, branches, roots, flower, pod, seed
    • Lupin Growing Cycle -germination phases
    • Benefits of Lupin Crops
    • Factors affecting Lupin Growth
    • Seed Quality
    • Sowing Lupins
    • Pod Growth
    • Harvesting
    • Sources for seed growth
    • Factors Affecting Seed Development – moisture, temperature
    • Fertilisers
    • Pests
  6. Growing Alfalfa
    • Introduction
    • How to grow alfalfa at home
    • Lucerne Cropping
    • Soil type
    • Fertility Management
    • Plant Variety
    • Planting Crops
    • Seeding Depth
    • Crop Management
    • Irrigation
    • Disease and Insect Management
    • Harvesting Lucerne
  7. Soybeans
    • Introduction
    • Planting Soybean Crops
    • Modern Farming Practices (eg. Zero tilling)
    • Soil Management
    • Variety Selection
    • Planting Soybeans
    • Plant Growth and Physiology
    • Nutrition and Fertiliser
    • Nutritional Deficiency
    • Weed Control
    • Pest Control
    • Harvesting Soybeans
  8. Growing Chickpeas
    • Introduction
    • Crop Preparation
    • Weed Control
    • Soil Preparation
    • Soil Moisture
    • Diseases
    • Chickpea Varieties -Desi Type, Kabuli Type
    • Planting Chickpeas
    • Plant Growth and Physiology
    • Nutrition and Fertiliser
    • Harvest
  9. Other Legumes
    • Peanut
    • Inga (Ice Cream Bean)
    • Tamarind
    • Carob
    • Acacia (Wattle seed)
    • Clovers and Annual Medics
    • Growing Clovers
    • Clover Species
    • Medics
  10. Processing and Using Legumes
    • Introduction
    • Storage Planning
    • Silo Options
    • Grain Storage Bags
    • Bunkers
    • Underground Pits
    • Calculating Costs
    • Variable Costs of On Farm Storage
    • Aeration Cooling
    • Repairs and Maintenance
    • Time & Labour
    • ROI Investment Analysis
    • Safety
    • Grain Storage and Insect Management
    • Storing Lentils
    • Storing Soybeans
    • Storing Chickpeas
    • Storing Peanuts
    • Storing Faba Beans
    • Storing Field Peas

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

Aims

  • Discuss commercial farming of Legumes
  • Explain different types of pea crops
  • Explain how to grow beans
  • Explain how to grow edible lupins
  • Explain how to grow an alfalfa crop
  • Explain the importance and growing of soybean crops
  • Explain the cultivation of chickpea crops
  • Explain how to grow a range of other legume food crops
  • Explain how legume crops are processed and used

What You Will Do

  • Research Legumes and products derived from legumes that are commonly available in your area.
    • Watch videos on legume crops.
    • Interview a close contact about whether they consume legumes, which ones and why.
    • Take notes and develop your understanding of the nutritional benefits of legumes.
    • Select two micronutrients and research how they affect health of pea crops. Look for information on how peas react to deficiency and over application of these nutrients.
    • Research how to sprout peas, sprout some peas and incorporate them into your meals.
    • Observe and take note of your sprouting project.
    • Research the significance of peas as an agricultural crop in your country.
    • Research the difference between peas selected for different types of processing, e.g. fresh, canned, frozen, or dried/dehydrated online.
    • Interview someone who has grown beans.
    • Watch videos of combine harvesters harvesting beans online and take notes.
    • Prepare lentils to eat.
    • Watch videos online of lentil growth and take notes.
    • Watch videos about lentil growing and sustainability online.
    • Pay attention to material on soil health and sustainability, and harvest. Make sure you take notes as you watch.
    • Research the importance of lupins as a feed crop for livestock.
    • Spend some time reading about interplanting lucerne with other crops.
    • Select two of the diseases affecting lucerne and undertake further research on these two diseases
    • Contact soybean suppliers online in your country.
    • Look for soybean suppliers online in your country. Compare the different varieties available online.
    • Explore the different types of chickpeas available in the local markets and grocery stores near your home.
    • Use chickpeas to make a recipe that you have not tried. Consider making hummus, a power bowl, roasted chickpeas or a dhal.
    • Look up agricultural feed suppliers online and examine their clover supplies
    • Research methods that are used to harvest peanut crops.
    • Research silo options online


Member of Study Gold Coast Education Network.

ACS Global Partner - Affiliated with colleges in seven countries around the world.

Since 1999 ACS has been a recognised member of IARC (International Approval and Registration Centre). A non-profit quality management organisation servicing education.

ACS is a Member of the Permaculture Association (membership number 14088).

ACS is a Preferred Member Training Provider with the Australian Institute of Horticulture. ACS students meeting AIH criteria can join AIH as a Category 2 student member.

Long-term member since 1986.

ACS is an organisational member of the Future Farmers Network.

UK Register of Learning Providers, UK PRN10000112


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Course Contributors

The following academics were involved in the development and/or updating of this course.





Tutors

Meet some of the tutors that guide the students through this course.

Robert Browne

B.Sc., PhD

Robert’s science employment has included consultancy with biotechnology corporations and in response to the global biodiversity conservation crisis, and has focused on amphibian conservation and sustainability. Working with zoos in Australia, the USA, Europe, and as Research Officer for the IUCN has led Robert to work with collaborative conservation programs in the USA, Peoples Republic of China, Australia, Russian Federation, Islamic Republic of Iran, and Cameroon.

Robert has experience in a wide range of research fields supporting herpetological conservation and environmental sustainability. He has published in the scientific fields of nutrition, pathology, larval growth and development, husbandry, thermo-biology, reproduction technologies, and facility design. In addition to his work in research and other international projects for the conservation of amphibians, other vertebrates, and invertebrates, Robert is establishing a sustainability project with a research facility based in the region of a coastal village in Belize.

Kara Wight

BSc (Applied Bioscience and Zoology), HND (Animal Care), HND (Photography & Imaging)

Kara gained an HND in Animal Care and graduated with a Bachelor’s of Science Degree in Applied Bioscience and Zoology. She has a wide range of experience working with animals such dogs, small pets, birds, zoo animals, British wildlife and reptiles. Kara gained this experience working within animal parks, canine rescue centres and a wildlife hospital. She also managed an animal care training facility for a college. At this training facility she instructed and lectured students within Animal Care and Veterinary Nursing from National Certificate level to Higher National Diploma levels.

Kara also gained an HND in Photography and Imaging and has 5 years’ experience within this sector. She ran a small portraiture and wedding photography business and also exhibited work in art exhibitions. Kara gained more experience photographing sporting and festival events.

Kara currently runs a pet care and training business in the UK and also has entry to undertake her MSc in International Animal Welfare, Ethics and Law this academic year.

Sarah Berry

B.Sc.(Hons)

Sarah completed a Bachelor of Science (Zoology) with Honours from The University of Queensland in 2014. With an honours project focusing on glow worms in Australia, she then moved onto a PhD in Aquaculture from James Cook University working with Australian prawn farmers to grow bigger, better prawns. She has a wide range of scientific experience over the past 5 years in physiology, genetics, ecology, molecular technology, statistics, animal health, care, and nutrition. Sarah is currently continuing her work in research while publishing her PhD work.

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