SYMPTOMS OF INADEQUATE NUTRITION

  • The hair may become dull and brittle, or it may fall out or change colour.
  • Headaches may be related to vitamin deficiency.
  • Night blindness may arise from lack of vitamin A.
  • The tongue may become inflamed as a result of a number of vitamin deficiencies.
  • Bleeding gums may be a sign of scurvy (vitamin C deficiency).
  • Enlargement of the thyroid gland (goiter) may be linked to iodine deficiency.
  • Rashes, itching, soreness, scaliness and cracking of the skin may be a sign of a number of vitamin deficiencies.
  • Obese people often experience breathing difficulties.
  • Backache may occur as a result of obesity.
  • Too much food, particularly fat and carbohydrates, will lead to obesity. Too little food will cause wasting of the tissues and ultimately starvation. Failure to thrive in children may be a sign of marasmus (too little energy intake) or kwashiorkor (too little protein and energy intake).
  • Heart disease can occur as a result of obesity, and heart failure may be a result of extreme anorexia nervosa as the balance of electrolytes is disturbed.
  • Softening of the bones may be a sign of rickets (lack of vitamin D).
  • Loss of motor function in the legs may be a sign of beriberi (lack of vitamin B1, or thiamine).
  • Lesions in the spinal cord may be a sign of vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • There are a number of conditions affecting the stomach and digestive system as a result of diet. Symptoms may include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, pain and cramps.
  • Stones may form in the kidneys as a result of insufficient fluid; obese people may be prone to kidney failure.
  • Adrenal glands may enlarge as a result of pantothenic salt deficiency (related to the B vitamins).
  • The formation of gallstones is associated with a fatty diet.
  • Too much alcohol may cause cirrhosis of the liver.
  • Insufficient iron will cause anaemia.
  • Constipation can be caused by lack of fibre in the diet.
  • Piles (hemorrhoids) may also be a result of lack of fibre.
  • Swelling and painful feet may be a sign of vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Numbness in the toes may be a sign of vitamin deficiency.