Energy Storage

Learn about Batteries and other forms of energy storage. A 100 hour, self paced, remote learning course.

Course Code: VSS206
Fee Code: S3
Duration (approx) Duration (approx) 100 hours
Qualification Statement of Attainment
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Learn about Energy Storage Methods

  • Batteries and other techniques
  • Off grid and on grid
  • Both domestic and commercial applications
  • Make better choices and be more sustainable in how you use energy.

Energy costs and reliable supply can be unpredictable. Global warming, financial volatility, pandemics and political unrest are just some of the issues that can affect energy supply. Consequentially the need for off grid alternative energy systems is growing, and integral to that possibility is choosing and using effective battery systems. This course provides a foundation for anyone working in that industry, through to property owners looking to make better decisions about managing their own energy needs.

Lesson Structure

There are 10 lessons in this course:

  1. Energy Storage
    • What is Energy Storage
    • Types of Energy Storage
    • Mechanical Storage - Pumped hydro, Compressed air, Isothermal compressed air, Flywheel, Pumped heat
    • Electrical Storage - Supercapacitor, Superconducting Magnetic
    • Electrochemical Storage - Lead acid battery, Lithium ion battery, Flow battery
    • Chemical Storage - Hydrogen, Synthetic natural gas
    • Thermal Storage - sensible heat, Hot water, Molten salt, Latent heat, Phase change
    • Advantages of Energy Storage
  2. Battery Science
    • History - wet cell, dry cell
    • Electricity - Current, Voltage, Resistance, Power, Ohm's Law, Power Dissipation
    • Circuits - Parallel
    • Electrochemical Battery - Fundamental components
    • Terminology
  3. Types of Batteries
    • Primary Cell Batteries
    • Dry Cell
    • Alkaline Battery
    • Silver Oxide Battery
    • Zinc Air Battery
    • Carbon Zinc Battery
    • Secondary Cells
    • Nickel Cadmium Battery
    • Lithium Ion Battery
    • Nickel Cobalt Battery
    • Nickel Metal Halide Battery
    • Sodium Ion Battery
    • Lead Acid Battery
    • Zinc Bromide Gel Battery
  4. Chemistry of Batteries
    • Introduction
    • Electrochemistry - Conduction, Metallic and electrochemical conduction, Electrolysis, Electrodes, Electrolytes
    • The Simple Cell
    • Electrochemical Cell
    • Redox Reaction
    • Oxidation and Reduction Reaction
    • Applications of Redox Reaction in Electrochemistry
    • Reactions in Different Cell Types
  5. Applications
    • Introduction
    • Rechargeable Batteries
    • Domestic Batteries
    • Health Instruments
    • Artificial Heart
    • Implants for Drug Delivery
    • Implantable Hearing Devices
    • Medical Applications - wheelchairs, neurostimulators, Sensors and monitors
    • Vehicles
    • Marine Batteries
  6. Industrial Applications
    • Introduction
    • Communication Systems
    • Firefighting and Emergency
    • Logistics
    • Military
    • Space Technology
    • UPS
    • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
    • Other Applications
  7. Off Grid/On Grid Applications
    • On Grid System - Air Energy Storage, Batteries, Hydro, Thermal
    • Off Grid Systems -Batteries
    • Lead Acid Batteries
    • Lithium Ion
    • Flow Batteries
    • C hoosing the Right System Components
    • How to Upgrade a System
    • Estimating Your Energy Needs
    • Do It Yourself
  8. Setting up an Off Grid System
    • Calculate Power Requirements
    • Calculate Battery REquirements
    • Type of Battery
    • Capacity
    • Number Needed
    • How it will be Saves
    • Deciding on Energy Generation Technology - Solar, Wind, Hydro
    • Select Location - Solar, Wind, Hydro
    • Select Charge Controllers
    • Select Inverter
    • Connecting to Property
  9. Safety and Disposal
    • Introduction
    • Safety
    • Disposal
    • Recycling
  10. Managing the Future
    • Introduction - Nanoscale, Chemical Transformation,
    • Supercapacitors
    • Nano-wire Batteries
    • Chemical Energy
    • Thermal Energy
    • Nano Scale Hydrogen Batteries
    • Future Developments
    • Benefits
    • Capacities
    • Consumers - Solid State, Gold Nanowire, Organosilicon
    • Graphene Aluminium Ion
    • Graphene Polymer
    • Graphene Lithium Sulphur
    • Nanobolt Lithium Tungsten
    • Industrial Batteries - Zinc Manganese Oxide, Sodium, Vanadium Redox Flow Battery

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.


The capacity to collect energy at one stage and store it for future use is known as energy storage. Energy can be stored in a variety of forms such as chemical, kinetic, or thermal. It can be then converted back to useable forms of energy like electricity.

In most cases, electrical energy is easily available at the lowest possible cost. It has been recognised as a common consumer commodity for a long time. Today, it accounts for over one-eighth of total energy processed, a figure that is likely to rise in the coming years as fossil fuel storages are declining, renewable energy usage is rising, and environmental awareness is improving.
Energy storage allows for the storing of electricity for later use, when and where it is most needed. This improves the electric grid's efficiency and capacities, including the potential to minimise glasshouse gas (GHG) emissions.


  • Anyone who uses or works with energy, in particular electricity
  • Electricians, technicians, mechanics, machine operators
  • Teachers, writers, students
  • Anyone seeking a more sustainable energy supply - domestic or commercial
  • Anyone with a need to understand more about the practical possibilities for a more manageable and efficient energy supply.

How can I start this course?

You can enrol at anytime and start the course when you are ready. Enrolments are accepted all year - students can commence study at any time. All study is self paced and ACS does not set assignment deadlines.

Please note that if a student is being assisted by someone else (e.g. an employer or government subsidy), the body offering the assistance may set deadlines. Students in such situations are advised to check with their sponsor prior to enrolling. The nominal duration of a course is approximately how long a course takes to complete. A course with a nominal duration of 100 hours is expected to take roughly 100 hours of study time to complete. However, this will vary from student to student. Short courses (eg. 100 hrs duration) should be completed within 12 months of enrolment. Certificates, Advanced Certificates and Awards (eg. over 500 hours duration) would normally be completed within 3 -5 years of enrolment. Additional fees may apply if a student requires an extended period to complete.
If a student cannot submit their assignments for 6 months to ACS, they should advise the school to avoid cancellation of their student
registration. Recommencement fees may apply.

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What do I need to know before I enrol?

There are no entry requirements that you need to meet to enrol in our courses, our courses are for everyone.
If you are under 18, we need written permission from your parent/ guardian for your enrolment to continue, we can arrange that after you have enrolled.

You don’t need to purchase any additional resources to complete our courses.

We aim to teach you the essentials without you having to purchase any specific computer program.
We recommend that you have access to a word processing program, such as Microsoft Word or Google Docs, so that you can easily complete and submit your assignments.

You sure can. We are here to help you learn whatever your abilities.

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If you have limited computer skills, we can make special arrangements for you.

This is possible, it depends on the institution. We recommend that if you would like to use our courses that you contact the institution first. Our Course Handbook is a good resource for this.

Our courses are written in English and we only have English speaking academic staff. If you can read and complete your assignments in English, our courses are ideal for you.

Our courses are designed to build knowledge, hands on skills and industry connections to help prepare you to work in the area, running your own business, professional development or as a base for further study.

This course has been designed to cover the fundamentals of the topic. It will take around 100 hours to complete, which includes your course reading, assignment work, research, practical tasks, watching videos and anything else that is contained in the course. Our short courses are a great way to do some professional development or to learn a new skill.

It’s up to you. The study hours listed in the course are a rough guide, however if you were to study a short course (100 hours) at 10 hours per week, you could finish the course in 10 weeks (just an example). Our courses are self-paced, so you can work through the courses in your own time. We recommend that you wait for your tutor to mark and return your assignment before your start your next one, so you get the benefits of their feedback.

The course consists of course notes, videos, set tasks for your practical work, online quizzes, an assignment for each lesson (that you receive feedback from your tutor from) and ends in an exam (which is optional, if would like to receive the formal award at the end), using our custom built Learning Management System - Login.Training.

Our courses are designed for adults to gain professional development and skills to further their careers and start businesses.

Our custom online learning portal allows you to conduct your learning online. There may be practical tasks that you can do offline. You have the option of downloading your course notes or print them to read later.

There is also the option to pay an additional fee for printed course notes and or USB (availability limited to location and deliverability).

Yes, if you don’t have access to the internet, you can receive the course as paper notes or on a USB stick for an additional fee. We can also make alternative arrangements for you to send your assignments to us.

We offer printed notes for an additional fee. Also, you can request your course notes on a USB stick for an additional fee.

Yes, your tutor is here to help you. Simply post any questions you have in your portal or contact the office and we can pass on a message to your tutor.

We are more learning focussed, rather than assessment focussed. You have online quizzes to test your learning, written assignments and can complete an exam at the end of the course (if you want to receive your certificate). You will not receive a pass/ fail on your course work. If you need to add more details on your assignment, we will ask you to resubmit and direct you where you need to focus. If you need help, you can ask your tutor for advice in the student room.

Each module (short course) is completed with one exam.

Exams are optional, however you must sit an exam if you would like to receive a formal award. You will need to find someone who can supervise that you are sitting the exams under exams conditions. There is an additional cost of $60 incl. GST for each exam.
More information is here

There are practical components built into the course that have been designed to be achieved by anyone, anywhere. If you are unable to complete a task for any reason, you can ask your tutor for an alternative.

When you complete the course work and the exam and you will be able receive your course certificate- a Statement of Attainment. Otherwise, you can receive a Letter of Completion.

You can bundle the short courses to create your own customised learning bundle, Certificates or Advanced Certificates. More information is on this page.

Yes, our courses are built to be applicable for people living anywhere in any situation. We provide the fundamentals, and each student can apply their own unique flair for their own interests, region and circumstances with the one-on-one guidance of a tutor. There is also a bit of student directed research involved.

Employers value candidates with industry skills, knowledge, practical skills and formal learning. Our courses arm you with all of these things to help prepare you for a job or start your own business. The longer you study the more you will learn.

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Who are ACS Distance Education?

ACS Distance Education have been educating people for over 40 years.

We are established and safe- we have been in education for over 40 years.
We are focused on developing innovative courses that are relevant to you now and what you will need to know in the future.
We are focused on helping you learn and make the most of your experience.
You can enrol at any time, you can work on your course when it suits you and at your own pace.
We are connected to many industry bodies and our staff participate in continuous improvement and learning activities to ensure that we are ahead of what learning is needed for the future.

Our courses are not accredited by the Australian Government. However many of our courses are recognised and held in high regard by many industry bodies.

Our courses are written by our staff, who all have many years experience and have qualifications in their speciality area. We have lots of academic staff who write and update our courses regularly.

How do I enrol my staff/ sponsored students?

Yes, you can do a request for a bulk enrolment and request an invoice on our Invoice Request Form

We can prepare an invoice, quote or proforma invoice. Simply complete your details on our Invoice Request form

We can arrange bulk discounts for your course enrolment, please get in touch with us to discuss your needs.

Yes, we have many students who are in locked facilities, such as prisons or hospitals. We can cater by also offering paper notes at an additional cost.

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Course Contributors

The following academics were involved in the development and/or updating of this course.

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