USING ROSES

 

ROSES FOR THAT SPECIAL OCCASION

The rose has always been a symbol of affection, we often give rose flowers to loved ones for birthdays, valentines day or just to say I LOVE YOU. The humble rose can also mean much more. Many a rose has been developed to commemorate an occasion, such as the rose named 'Wedding Day'. We can use the names of roses or the year in which they were released to commemorate our own special occasions for example, if you had been invited to a 40th birthday in 1992 a rose that would have been suitable is the 1952 Scarlet Fire, or a rose named with their name such as ' Felicia', 'Penelope', 'Sonia', or 'Julia's Rose'.

Consider the following suggestions:

The birth of a baby try 'Great News'

To ask for forgiveness give a gift of the 'Peace' rose.

Try a rose with long stems and rich coral orange flower such as 'Romantica' as a romantic gift.

For a welcome to a new home 'Sweet Home'.

As a congratulation for obtaining a new position how about 'Madam President'.

To a dear friend or loved one 'Dearest' says it all.

To that special person in you life 'First Love'.

For a win in a sport 'Gold Medal' is a great way to celebrate.

If it is the year that is important ask your nurseryman which rose was released in that year.

Some examples are;

1937 'Nancy Hayward'

1942 'Spring Gold'

1957 'Gay Vista'

1950 'Doreen'

1968 'Iceberg Climbing'

1971 'Devotion'

1987 'Lovely Lady'

1986 'Elina'

1990 'Old Fragrance'

 

ROSE RECIPES:

Rose based foods are highly nutritional as rose hips provide high levels of vitamin C, as well as being a medicinal cure for a number of ailments. Rose oil is used to cool a hot inflammation, rose water is used to cool and refresh the weak and faint spirits, and to soothe sore red eyes.

A decoction of red roses made with white wine is very good for a headache and pain in the eyes, ears, throat and gums.

Here are some recipes for you to try.

 

ROSE PETAL JAM

Gather rose flowers giving preference to the dark colours as these have the strongest flavor. Remove the petals and cut of the white base

To each cup of petals add 1 cup of water and 1 cup of sugar.

Boil until the sugar hardens on the spoon.

Add 2‑3 drops of lemon juice and a pinch of tartic acid at the jelling time to prevent the jam from becoming bitter.

Place the jam into sterile jars and seal.

 

ROSE PETAL HONEY

Collect and prepare your rose petals as for jam.

Mash 250g of petals and boil in 1\2 litre of water for 15 minutes.

Strain of the solids and add to 1kg of liquid honey.

Boil down to a thick syrup and then place in sterilised jars.

 

ROSE WATER

Collect fragrant rose petals and then bruise them and cover with water in a saucepan. Heat gently for a few minutes. Strain off the petals and bottle the fragrant water.

 

ROSE TEA TONIC

Place a teaspoon of flowers in a cup of boiling water and let stand for an hour or so. Strain out the petals and drink when cold as a tonic.

 

ROSE HIP SYRUP

Pick the rose hips and remove the spent flower end. Place 2kg of hips in a saucepan with 1.5 litres of water. Bring to the boil and boil until soft.

Mash until pulpy then add another litre of water and bring to the boil while stirring.

Once cooked strain the pulp through a fine cloth and squeeze, collecting the squeezed out liquid in a container of some sort.

Return the residue to the pan with another litre of water. Repeat this procedure twice more.

Boil the collected liquid with 1\2 kg of sugar for every litre, boil for 5 minutes and place into sterilised sealable bottles.

 

ROSE VINEGAR

Fill a earthen ware container with fragrant rose petals, press them down and fill the container with wine vinegar. Cover and leave for several weeks. Strain and place into bottles that can be sealed.

 

ROSE CRAFTS

Rose pot pourri

Pot pourri making is a cottage garden craft that is once again very popular. A rose pot pourri can add a delicate fragrance to a bedroom, or a bathroom. Rose pot pourri is best made from deep red roses as these have the strongest scent but any rose can be used to make pot pourri. The most important rule when making pot pourri is that the roses are first dried by either hanging them in bunches or laying them on wire trays or spread out on news paper. Once dry break the petals from the base of the flower and place all the parts into a decorative container. To enhance the fragrance add a small amount of rose oil.

 

Drying roses

Dried roses will last indefinitely and are great in dried flower arrangements, as deep red roses and pinks keep their colour. When drying choose semi ‑doubles or doubles. Cut off the stems and lay the blooms into oven dry fine sand, face up. Start with sand in a container of approximately 2.5cm deep ensuring that 2.5cm space is left between each flower. Slowly add more sand so that all parts of the flower are covered with another 2.5cm of sand.

Seal the container and leave for 3‑4 weeks in a warm dry place. Once dry remove from the sand and gently shake the sand out of the flower. Insert florist wire into the base of the rose and cover with florist tape.

 

Rose perfume

Roses need to picked early in the morning with the dew still on them. Choose blooms that are just opening rather than full blown ones. Attar of Roses or rose perfume is traditionally made from Damask roses, but any fragrant rose will do. Use a pottery container not metal or glass. Line it with petals and sprinkle with a thin layer of rock salt. Repeat the layers until the container is full. Seal the container and leave it undisturbed for at least 3 weeks in a cool dark cupboard. After this time strain the liquid through a fine cloth into a glass container and seal once again. Stand the liquid in the sun for 6 weeks so that it settles. When it is reopened you will have a concentrated rose perfume.

 

SELECTING ROSE VARIETIES BY COLOUR 

RED ROSES

Black Beauty

Hybrid tea

Bush or standard rose

Fragrant velvet red

flower

Mr Lincoln

Hybrid tea

Bush, sometimes standard

Deep red double cut flower rose

Mme G Deibard

Hybrid tea

Bush or standard rose

Weather resistant bright deep red

Europeana

Floribunda

Bush or standard

Deep crimson open rosette flowers, fragrant

Fiona

Shrub rose

Ground cover

double blood red slightly fragrant

Grande Duchesse

Shrub rose

Shrub

tomato red flower

Charlotte

Old fashioned


slightly fragrant

William Lobb

Species rose

Moss rose

semi double purple magenta, fragrant

Altissimo


Climber

single blood red slightly fragrant

Crimson Glory


Climber

double deep crimson, very fragrant

Scarlet Gem miniature


Miniature

bright red, popular

pot plant

WHITE OR CREAM ROSES

John F Kennedy

Hybrid tea

Bush or standard

white large double, blooms fragrant

Pascali

 

Hybrid tea

Bush or standard

white with cream centre resistant to black spot and mildew

Virgo

 

Hybrid tea

Bush or standard

pure white semi

double, fragrant

Champagne

 

Floribunda

Bush or standard

lovely cream tones,

with reflexed petals

Iceberg

 

Floribunda

Bush or climber

pure white double,

very fragrant

Sea form

 

Shrub rose

Ground cover

small white weeping standard blooms

Pour Toi

miniature


white with creamy yellow tinge at the base

Madame Alfred

 

Old fashioned

Climber

double white flushed

Boule de Neige

Old fashioned

Shrub rose

ivory white double very fragrant

YELLOW ROSES

Diamond Jubilee

Hybrid tea

Bush or standard

deep buff yellow, very fragrant

Helmut Schmidt

Hybrid tea

Bush or standard

pure clear yellow free flowering

Northern Lights

Hybrid tea

Bush or standard

primrose yellow, sometimes flushed pink, very fragrant

Friesia

Floribunda

Bush

bright deep yellow, very fragrant

Gold Bunny

Floribunda

Bush

soft gold blooms

Canary Bird

Old fashioned

Shrub

single canary yellow species rose bush, fragrant

Mermaid

Old fashioned

Climber

single primrose yellow, fragrant

Royal Gold


Climber

double deep yellow, slightly fragrant

Rise 'N'Shine

Miniature

Shrub

deep yellow large blooms

Yellow Doll

Miniature

Shrub

creamy yellow good pot plant

PINK ROSES

First Love

Hybrid tea

Shrub or standard

lovely soft pink semi double

Olde Fragrance

Hybrid tea

Shrub or standard

highly scented cerise, produces an abundance of blooms

Prima Ballerina

Hybrid tea

Shrub or standard

rich rose pink double flower

Bella Rosa

Floribunda

Shrub or standard

salmon pink flowers

Dearest

Floribunda

Shrub or standard

soft rosy salmon, very fragrant

Frilly Dilly

Patio rose

Small shrub

shell pink flowers

Cornelia

Old fashioned

Shrub rose

double apricot pink very fragrant

Rosa cenifolia

Old fashioned

Shrub rose

double rose pink

'Chapeau de Napoleon’



fragrant

Cecile Brunner

Old fashioned

Shrub rose

double shell pink or climber, slightly fragrant

Candy Rose

Old Fashioned

Shrub rose

semi double pink no fragrance

Dorothy Perkins


Rambler

double rose pink no fragrance

Rosy Mantle


Climber

double deep rose pink fragrant

New Penny

Miniature

Shrub

semi double blooms deep pink that fade with age

Angela Rippon

Miniature

Shrub

double blooms are pale carmine pink

BLUE\MAUVE ROSES

Blue Moon

Hybrid tea

Bush, standard, or climber

deep mauve blue, very fragrant

Lady X

Hybrid tea

Bush or standard

soft mauve double, fragrant

Shocking Blue

Floribunda

Bush or standard

very fragrant

Lavender Jewell

miniature


deep lavender double fragrant flowers

Veilchenblau

Old fashioned

Climber

semi double violet fading to light grey, fragrant

ORANGE\APRICOT

Apricot Nectar

Hybrid tea

Bush or standard

rich deep apricot

Copper Gem

Hybrid tea

Bush or standard

coppery apricot fragrant

Ginger Meggs

Floribunda

Bush

carrot red blooms, fragrant

Lovely Louise

Floribunda

Bush

coppery salmon buds, salmon blooms

Orange Honey

Miniature

Shrub

soft honey orange yellow base, fragrant

Holy Toledo

miniature

Shrub

bright pinkish apricot

Orange Cascade

Miniature

Climber

climbing orange yellow buds, fragrant

Woburn Abbey


Climber

copper orange yellow, very fragrant

Felicia

Old fashioned

Shrub rose

double apricot pink, very fragrant

Buff Beauty

Old fashioned

Shrub rose

double flowers, apricot, fragrant

 

                             

LEARN MORE:

Complete our Roses Course online or via correspondence.