CHILD DEVELOPMENT
The development of a child is affected by two things: 

  • Nature -Genetic Characteristics inherited from parents
  • Nurture -External influences such as interaction with people, experiences, the environment, diet, exercise etc

Who Needs to Understand Child Development?

  • Parents
  • Teachers
  • Anyone providing services or products  for children (from toy manufacturers to health professionals and play leaders)

Where to Start
Adults are so often oblivious to what children do. It is easy to forget your own childhood, and become obsessed with the chores and pressures of modern life; but the first step to understanding child development is to slow down and take time to observe children and develop some empathy with them (ie. try to see the world through their eyes).

Learning More
ACS offers a range of valuable courses in this field. These are useful for both:

  • Parents seeking a better understanding of how to deal with children, and
  • Professionals (people seeking to work with or already working with children)


COURSES



CHILD PSYCHOLOGY SHORT COURSE (BPS104)

Child psychology is concerned with the development of a person over the course of their childhood. This involves the development of a child's mental processes (ie. cognitive development); emotional and social behaviour.

 

DURATION  100 hours (study at your own pace, on average taking 4-6 months part time)


COURSE AIM

Develop your knowledge and ability to explain how children’s cognition and personality develop, particularly in the formative years.


COURSE STRUCTURE

There are 12 lessons as follows:


Introduction to Child Psychology

Levels of development, nature or nurture, isolating hereditary characteristics,

Cause versus correlation, continuity versus discontinuity, cross sectional and

Longitudinal studies, Reliability of verbal reports

The Newborn Infant

The Interactionist Approach, Rangeof Reaction, Niche Picking, Temperament

Stimulus seeking, Emotional Disturbances During Pregnancy


States & Senses of the Infant

Sensory Discrimination, Infant States (sleep, Inactivity, Waking, Crying etc),

Why are Psychologists so concerned with defining and describing these infant states?,

Habituation, Crying, Soothing a Distressed Baby, Sound Discrimination, Smell

and Taste Discrimination, Visual Discrimination, Depth Perception, Oral Sensitivity


Learning

Habituation, Vicarious Learning, Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning,

Reinforcement, The Importance of Learning Control, etc


Emotions and Socialisation

Producing and Recognising Emotional Expression, Smiling, Biological Explanation,

Perceptual Recognition Explanation, The Mother-Child Attachment, Fraudian Approach

Bowlby's Approach, Social Learning Approach, HarlowsApproach, The Role of

Cognition in Attachment Formation, Maternal Attachment, Fear, Social Learning,

Perceptual Recognition, Woman's Duel Role as Mothers and Workers, Is Day Care

a Developmental Hazard to Children


Cognitive Development

Developing the ability to reason.


Language Development

Is language learned, or are we genetically programmed with it, The Social Learning

Approach, The Hypothesis testing Approach, Under extending

Intelligence

Measuring Intelligence, Cultural Bias, IQ, Testing Intelligence as a tool.


Socialisation – Part A

Social Cognation  -self awareness, -awareness of others as individuals in their own

Right, -the development of empathy, -taking turns, -having a point of view/perspective,

-ability to see something from another persons perspective. Friendships, Social Scripts

Scripts that Pretend Play


Morality

Moral development, Aggression & Altruism, Freuds Approach, Piagets Approach,

Kohlbergs Approach


Sexuality

Freud’s phases  (oral phase, anal phase, phallic phase, latent phase, genital phase)

The Acquisition of Gender & Role Identity, Concept of psycho-social development


Socialisation – Part B

The Family Influence, Discipline, Siblings, Family Structures, School Influence, Peer Influence, Acceptance & Rejection, Imitation & Reinforcement.



WHAT YOU WILL DO IN THIS COURSE

Discuss what environmental and social aspects you think are required for the “ideal” environment for a developing child in your country.

Genetic and environmental factors operate together in influencing the child's personality development" Discuss the above statement.

Name and describe one personality characteristic which may be genetically determined. What evidence supports the possibility that it may be hereditary?

Genetic and environmental factors operate together in influencing the child's personality development"Discuss the above statement.

Name and describe one personality characteristic which may be genetically determined.

What evidence supports the possibility that it may be hereditary?

Name the kind of learning in which a stimulus which usually produces an unconditioned response is manipulated to produce a conditioned response. Give an example of this kind of learning.

Discuss exactly how you would use operant conditioning to encourage a child to socialise.

Use the perceptual recognition approach to explain smiling and fear in infants.

How are Freud’s, Harlow’s and Bowlby’s explanations of the formation of mother-child attachments different?

Which do you think is more credible and why?

Explain reflection-impulsivity, and its significance in cognitive development.

Explain the strengths and weakness of social learning theory in explaining language acquisition.