Learn the Skills to be successful in the Equine Industry
Many equine businesses are run in conjunction with other farming or animal based enterprises. This comprehensive, quality course caters for this business diversity.
The course will teach you many of the different facets of running an equine facility or service. You will learn how to care for horses and manage general farming practices, manage public equine events; and develop essential office skills and marketing plans.You will also learn animal husbandry and pasture management techniques; and study sustainable agriculture.
Particular emphasis is given to learning event management principles and to developing the skills to plan, initiate, host and evaluate a successful event in the equine industry. Equine events include: horse shows, sales, clinics,trade shows, community events or any of the wide variety of equine events that are held each year in the equine industry.
Note that each module in the Proficiency Award 2 in Equine Studies is a short course in its own right, and may be studied separately.
What You Will Do
Explain different techniques and general measures which may be adopted to move a farm toward greater sustainability
Plan, create, manage, and evaluate a successful event (and adapt that to equine-centered event design and management)
Plan and conduct research into the current status of an aspect of equine management, and complete a descriptive report based on that research
Identify, select and apply knowledge and skills to appropriate perform workplace tasks in an industry, and adapt them to equine management
Understanding the importance of properly managing the natural environment and built facilities to optimize the health of their horses
Manage the day-to-day requirements of a horse
Manage the condition of horses and to minimize risk in different situations such as events, travel, or inclement weather.
Identify different influences on equine behaviour, whether that behavior supports survival, is self-destructive, or out of boredom, and apply that knowledge to the welfare and training of horses.
Plan an animal breeding program using genetic theory, practical applications to daily husbandry practice, and management of animal breeding programs
Understand animal anatomy and physiology, as a basis for care and/or management of farm animals
Describe the composition of a range of feeds, including pasture, fodder crops, grasses, cereals, seed, and other edible plants, and the role of proteins, vitamins and minerals in animal diets, and select appropriate feeds for digestibility and nutritional content
Recognize and treat common diseases and wounds in animals
Evaluate, design and make decisions about the management of pasture for horses
Manage a farm or agricultural enterprise which services farms
Identify soil properties and requirements and adapt that knowledge to equine management
Feeding is the most important factor in successful farming. An animal will only perform at it's potential if it is fed well. Being 'well fed' does not imply being 'over fed'. An animal that is fed well is given just enough (but not more) of the correct foods so that it can realise its production potential.
To feed more than necessary would be wasteful and uneconomical and could lead to health problems in the livestock. The successful farmer will feed at the 'optimum level'. In other words, he will feed just enough (but not more) that is need for optimum production.
It requires a great deal of skill, knowledge and practice to be able to feed animals optimally. The first step is to gain a good understanding of the different types of food that can be fed to livestock. The second step is to learn how the different foods can be mixed together to form balanced rations for animals.
An important step is also to observe the animals around you. By noting what they are fed and how well they seem to be doing, you can begin to develop an eye for feeding animals well. This step will never be completed, for there is always something new to learn about the way different animals respond to food. In addition, new foods are constantly being developed, and it will be up to you to try them out and see if they work for your animals.
Before considering different types of food stuffs in more detail, there are several terms and definitions with which you should become familiar.
This is a broad and general term that is used when referring to any food or fodder. It includes naturally occurring plant or animal products and by-products (e.g. grass, maize, brewers' grains). It also includes vitamin or mineral supplements which are chemically synthesised, or otherwise manufactured pure nutrients. In other words, you will be quite safe referring to anything that is fed to an animal as a 'feed stuff'.
A ration is a 24-hour allowance of feed stuff that is given to an animal. The important thing to note is that the term carries no implications that the allowance is adequate in quantity or kind to meet the nutritional needs of the animal for which it is intended. Some confusion normally arises as to the difference between the words RATION and DIET. These can be explained as follows:
Diet is what the animal usually eats or drinks (e.g. the actual food chosen, not the amounts)
Maintenance Ration is the ration which would allow the animal only enough to stay in the initial condition (ie: to support life with no product, no gain, no loss of body substance). It is the minimum amount of food required to keep the animal alive. This can be particularly important for maintaining stock when there is a shortage of feed (e.g. drought conditions).
Balanced Maintenance Ration
This definition has two parts. 'Maintenance Ration' here refers to a feed mixture which is just sufficient to meet the requirements of a specified animal in a 24-hour period. The animal receiving the ration will neither lose nor gain weight. 'Balanced' means that the proportion of carbohydrate, fat and protein in the ration is correct.
GROUPS OF FOODS
Carbohydrates are made up of sugars and starches (called soluble carbohydrates) and fibre (called crude carbohydrate). Sugars and starches provide energy and heat. If they are not used immediately they will be stored as fat. Fibre is a woody substance with little feeding value. It does, however, have an important role to play in keeping the digestive system working smoothly. It stimulates the digestive process and helps in the absorption of food. All carbohydrates are made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Proteins contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. In addition they also contain nitrogen. Proteins are used to maintain the body, and to grow and repair tissues. Proteins also provides heat and energy. Protein is especially important for young, growing animals and for animals who are producing milk, eggs or meat.
Fats also contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, but no nitrogen. Fats renew fat tissue and provide heat and energy. The energy value of fats is two and a half times higher than that of carbohydrates.
On the farm, roughage is normally considered to be material making up fodder such as hay, silage, pastures, etc. The distinguishing characteristic of roughage is usually a high fibre content. For hay, this frequently runs between 25 - 30% of the dry matter.
Technically, all feeds supplying nutrients (proteins, carbohydrates and fats) are classed as concentrates if their crude fibre content does not exceed 18%. In the feed trade, the word 'concentrate' has been used to indicate commercially prepared supplements.
Basal feeds are concentrated sources of energy and are especially rich in starches and sugars. They include the whole group of grains (e.g. wheat, maize, oats, etc.) and their by-products. Basal feeds have a protein content that is greater than 16% and a maximum fibre content of 18%. The main difference between basal feeds and other feed stuffs is that basal feeds have a high digestible energy content. Basal feeds make up 60 - 90% of all rations.
Feeds of this type are concentrated sources of protein, minerals and vitamins. A mixed protein supplement is, by convention, a mixture of feeds which carries 30% or more of protein. Single feeds containing 20% or more of protein are included in this group.
Any food constituent, or group of food constituents of the same general chemical composition, which aids in the support of animal life.
This is a measure of the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by one degree Centigrade. One kilocalorie = 1000 calories. A specific number of calories is required by animals each day to either maintain or increase their body weight.
This is an approximate measurement of the amount of food which has been absorbed by the animal. Not all food which is taken in by the animal can be absorbed. Digestibility is usually described as a percentage which can be worked out using the following formula:
This may seem a strange term to use in conjunction with feed stuffs. However, there are harmful substances which, when used at certain levels, are harmful enough to be classed as toxic. Urea is an example of a feed stuff that is potentially toxic if too much is fed at one time. If the correct amount of urea is fed, the feed stuff is very valuable. The term 'toxic' must not be confused with 'poison'.
Where could this course take you?
If your studies have developed a proper foundation; you will enter the workforce with a network of contacts, an awareness of opportunities, and you will continue learning afterwards, through experience.
An extensive course like this will set you on the path for developing your career faster, easier and more appropriate; provided you approach your career with realistic expectations.
Through the guidance of your available course tutors, who are skilled professionals, fully
qualified in the various subject areas. The combination of their
qualifications and many years of actual practical experience, will
benefit you greatly as you work through the course.
For ongoing success, you need to become "connected". This networking within the industry will provide the basis to remain "connected", so that you can evolve and adapt to changes as your career moves forward.
Use our free career and course counselling service.
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